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HomePlant Problems38 Greatest Vegetation For Terrariums

38 Greatest Vegetation For Terrariums

Planting a terrarium is one in all my favourite weekend gardening initiatives. You get to curate a tiny backyard in a glass, selecting your favourite vegetation and putting them in any approach you select. There are such a lot of thrilling configurations and distinctive designs to attempt that it’s inconceivable to get bored.

Terrarium environments are very explicit. It’s important to select a plant that not solely matches in a small area however can be comfortable within the surroundings it creates. Fortunately, there are numerous choices, relying on the sort of terrarium you wish to plant.

Polka Dot Plant

Close-up of Polka Dot Plant in a beautiful white decorative pot. Hypoestes phyllostachya, also known as the Polka Dot Plant, has vibrant, spotted leaves. The leaves are elliptical in shape, dark green in color, and covered with distinctive pink dots or spots.
This spotty pink plant is a well-liked selection for closed terrariums on account of its compact dimension and vibrant, noticed foliage.

Hypoestes phyllostachya is likely one of the hottest vegetation for closed terrariums, and for good motive. Remaining comparatively compact, this leafy plant can simply match into enclosed areas and appreciates the excessive humidity ranges terrariums present.

However the actual spotlight of the polka dot plant is obvious in its frequent identify. The leaves function uniquely noticed foliage in a variety of vibrant colours. Spotty pink cultivars are a private favourite, including a pop of shade to your terrarium that’s robust to seek out in different vegetation.

Nerve Plant

Top view, close-up of a Fittonia plant in a terracotta pot. The Fittonia, commonly known as the Nerve Plant, features small, brightly colored leaves with contrasting veins. These leaves are elliptical in shape, dark green in color with pronounced white veins.
Fittonia species have strikingly contrasting veins.

Fittonia spp. is analogous in look and development behavior to the polka dot plant and is usually utilized in terrariums for its enticing foliage. Nevertheless, relatively than sporting spotty leaves, the nerve plant has vibrant and contrasting veins that immediately stand out amongst different greenery.

Varieties with vibrant white veins have the starkest look, however you too can discover Fittonias with pink veins and even pink-tinted leaves. Pair them with a pink polka dot plant for an attention-grabbing and colourful terrarium show.

Chinese language Cash Plant

Close-up of Pilea peperomioides in a small terracotta pot on a wooden table, against a blurry background of another similar plant but in a large white pot. Pilea peperomioides, also known as the Chinese Money Plant, has round, coin-shaped leaves that grow on upright, slender stems. The leaves are bright green with distinct palmate veins that radiate from the center, giving them an attractive and unique appearance.
The Chinese language cash plant thrives in bigger terrariums.

Pilea peperomioides is legendary amongst houseplant lovers for its rounded leaves, giving it different comical frequent names like pancake plant or UFO plant. Its upright development behavior and love of moisture and excessive humidity make it an amazing candidate for bigger terrariums, standing tall above creeping vines or moss.

The best option to get a Chinese language cash plant right into a terrarium – particularly one with a small opening – is to make use of a pup. Pilea peperomioides produces tiny variations of the father or mother plant that emerge from the soil. As soon as these pups have their very own roots, snap them off and plant them in a terrarium to fill out.

Maidenhair Fern

Close-up of the stems of an Adiantum raddianum plant hanging from a large terracotta pot. Adiantum raddianum, commonly known as the Maidenhair Fern, features delicate, finely divided fronds that resemble delicate feathers. The fronds are dark green and have a lacy, airy appearance.
Maidenhair fern has delicate, densely packed inexperienced leaves, offering a chic contact to your closed terrarium.

There are a number of ferns to select from for one thing somewhat extra delicate in comparison with the Chinese language cash plant. Adiantum raddianum, generally referred to as the maidenhair fern, is right for taller terrariums with a whole lot of overhead area to fill.

The skinny inexperienced leaves are densely packed alongside slim stems. They arch gracefully and command consideration. As they love loads of moisture, a closed terrarium is an ideal house for these vegetation. A terrarium will be the reply when you’ve struggled to maintain them alive as common houseplants on account of dry air or rare watering.

String of Hearts

Close-up of Ceropegia woodii in a beautiful beige clay pot, on a white background. Ceropegia woodii, commonly known as String of Hearts, has trailing vines covered in small, heart-shaped leaves. The leaves are green with silver-gray marbling, giving them a charming and distinctive appearance.
String of hearts has tiny heart-shaped leaves and may thrive in open terrariums with well-draining substrates.

This plant is an ideal Valentine’s Day present! The lovable Ceropegia woodii, generally often called string of hearts, options tiny heart-shaped leaves that crawl alongside the soil floor or dangle exterior the sides of open terrariums.

As string of hearts is a semi-succulent plant, the roots favor dry soil to extra moisture. They develop greatest in open terrariums with different succulents planted in well-draining sandy substrates. Extra moisture across the roots can result in rot, affecting all different vegetation in your terrarium.

Peace within the House

Close-up of Soleirolia soleirolii in a beautiful decorative pot in the shape of human faces. Soleirolia soleirolii, commonly known as Baby's Tears or Peace in the Home, forms a lush green carpet of tiny, delicate leaves. These small leaves densely cover the ground, creating a soft and verdant appearance.
Child’s tears is nice for compact terrariums however requires constant moisture and vibrant oblique mild to thrive.

Generally often called child’s tears or peace within the house, Soleirolia soleirolii is an ideal candidate for shorter terrariums with out a lot area above the soil line. This plant kinds a inexperienced carpet of lovable leaves that may shortly fill gaps.

These vegetation have a popularity for being difficult to maintain alive. I’ve broken a number of on account of incorrect care and situations, overwatering them and conserving them in a spot with an excessive amount of shade. The soil ought to keep constantly moist however not soggy. That and loads of vibrant oblique mild will preserve them comfortable for years.

Aluminum Plant

Large plan of Pilea cadierei in a large red ceramic pot. Pilea cadierei, commonly known as Aluminum Plant or Watermelon Pilea, has uniquely patterned leaves with silver stripes that resemble watermelon skin. The leaves are green with contrasting silver markings, giving the plant an eye-catching appearance.
Aluminum plant makes an attention-grabbing centerpiece in bigger terrariums when given vibrant oblique daylight.

A part of the identical genus because the Chinese language cash plant, Pilea cadierei is inconceivable to overlook and the star of the present in any terrarium. The spotlight of this plant is the silver-striped foliage, therefore the aluminum within the identify. It is usually often called watermelon pilea as a result of the leaves resemble watermelon pores and skin.

Since aluminum vegetation are taller, it’s greatest to make use of them as central function vegetation in bigger terrariums. Place them in a spot with numerous vibrant oblique solar to point out off the shimmery foliage.


Close-up of Golden Pothos in a decorative wicker pot decorated with knitted elements. The Golden Pothos, also known as Epipremnum aureum or Devil's Ivy, is a popular houseplant with heart-shaped green leaves. The vines of this plant can trail or climb, creating a lush and attractive appearance.
Golden pothos is a resilient and widespread terrarium selection that thrives in numerous situations.

Epipremnum aureum is a houseplant must-have for a lot of causes. When planted in terrariums, their robust nature and skill to thrive virtually anyplace are prime of thoughts. These vines are extremely resilient and develop shortly in virtually any surroundings, filling out bigger terrariums with plenty of foliage.

Due to their reputation, there are numerous totally different cultivars to select from, together with the traditional golden pothos and variegated favorites like ‘Marble Queen.’ Don’t overwater them (particularly in closed terrariums); you’ll have virtually assured success.

Radiator Vegetation

Close-up of a hand holding a Peperomia caperata plant in a small black pot. Peperomia caperata, also known as the Ripple Peperomia, is a compact houseplant with distinctive, textured leaves. Its leaves are heart-shaped and have deep ridges and creases. Leaves are dark burgundy.
Peperomia caperata is ideal for terrariums, providing intriguing shade and texture variations.

Of the various houseplants I’ve grown in my lifetime, peperomias have been the primary to steal my coronary heart and make me a real collector. There may be a lot selection between species that they usually don’t even look associated. With choices in numerous shapes, colours, and textures, you’re sure to discover a peperomia you like.

The smaller species are greatest for terrariums. Look out for the compact Peperomia caperata for fascinating shade and texture or Peperomia rotundifolia to path near the soil. In the event that they’re in the best surroundings, chances are you’ll even be fortunate sufficient to see them flower.

Button Fern

Close-up of Pellaea rotundifolia in a decorative pot on a light windowsill. Pellaea rotundifolia, commonly known as the Button Fern, is a small fern with delicate, round button-shaped leaves. Its fronts are long and slender, covered in small, round leaflets that give the plant a unique and charming appearance.
The charming button fern, with its lovable button-shaped leaves on delicate fronds, is ideal for closed terrariums.

The frequent identify of Pellaea rotundifolia already describes how lovable this fern is. The lovable button-shaped leaves seem on lengthy, delicate fronds, including a real jungle really feel to your terrariums.

This species grows to round 12 inches tall, remaining compact and appropriate for planting in a closed terrarium. It is usually fairly a sluggish grower, taking time to settle into a brand new area. It thrives within the moist and high-humidity surroundings of a closed terrarium.

Creeping Fig

Close-up of Ficus pumila in a turquoise ceramic decorative pot, on a table lit by the sun from a window. Ficus pumila, commonly known as Creeping Fig or Climbing Fig, is a climbing vine with small, heart-shaped leaves. The leaves are dark green and have a glossy appearance.
Ficus pumila is a compact vine excellent for terrariums.

Once you consider members of the Ficus genus, small and compact will not be possible the primary phrase to come back to thoughts. Most species are towering timber that develop to ceiling peak indoors, such because the well-known fiddle leaf fig. However Ficus pumila – with a particular epithet that means ‘dwarf’ – is an outlier supreme for a terrarium.

This vine is a superb different to ivy, climbing up partitions and different backyard buildings. However you too can preserve it contained by popping it in a closed terrarium, the place it’ll shortly fill empty soil gaps. You may also connect it to brighten items of wooden or rocks for a extra creative function inside your terrarium.

African Violet

Close-up of a flowering African Violets plant in a white pot on a light windowsill. African Violets (Saintpaulia) are known for their attractive, fuzzy leaves and colorful, delicate flowers. The leaves are heart-shaped, dark green and velvety in texture. The flowers are small, simple, five-petaled, purple in color with yellow centers.
With correct care, African violets can turn out to be an ornamental, year-round flowering addition.

Streptocarpus sect. Saintpaulia is usually referred to as African violet. The identify comes from its purple blooms and native African origins. The lovable fluffy leaves and their capacity to flower reliably indoors have made African violets a houseplant staple for many years.

As African violets stay compact, they’re supreme function vegetation for terrariums. You’ll want to watch moisture ranges fastidiously, because the fluffy leaves can develop unpleasant spots, and the bottom can shortly rot within the fallacious situations. With some further consideration, you possibly can flip your African violet into an ornamental assertion that flowers virtually all 12 months spherical.

Miniature Orchids

Close-up of a blooming Miniature orchid on a beige background. The plant has long thin stems with shiny green leaves. The leaves are leathery, oval in shape. Flowers have a central lip or labellum, two lateral petals, and a dorsal sepal. The flowers are delicate white with rich purple veins.
Small orchid species can thrive in terrariums with excessive humidity however require the best potting medium.

Miniature orchid doesn’t describe a single plant however relatively a bunch of orchid species with smaller flowers and a compact mature dimension. This smaller stature permits them to squeeze into terrariums, the place their gorgeous flowers can shine.

Orchid care might be difficult, however it isn’t arduous with a number of suggestions. Excessive humidity will assist epiphytic miniature orchids thrive and flower for months. However you’ll should be cautious concerning the potting medium you choose, filling the terrarium with unfastened orchid bark or just attaching the roots to a chunk of wooden. Additionally, select a terrarium with a large opening to keep away from damaging any present flower spikes.

Silver Sparkle Pilea

Large plan of Pilea libanensis in a large red-orange pot. Pilea libanensis, also known as Silver Sparkle Pilea, is a houseplant with small, round leaves covered in tiny silver speckles, giving them a shimmering appearance. The plant has a compact and trailing growth habit.
Pilea is flexible and appropriate for terrariums. Its cascading silver leaves might be trimmed to suit inside.

There may be some confusion across the classification of this plant. Normally labeled Pilea glauca, you may additionally see it beneath the names Pilea libanensis, silver sparkle pilea, and even Pilea aquamarine. It doesn’t matter what you name it, there isn’t a confusion about its capacity to develop in your terrarium. 

When grown as a houseplant, Pilea glauca has tiny silver leaves that cascade over the edges of a container. You may trim a number of stems to root inside your terrarium or fill your complete factor with one massive plant. This versatility additionally makes them appropriate for tiny terrariums or any creative initiatives.

String of Turtles

Close-up of Peperomia prostrata in a terracotta pot on a light windowsill. Peperomia prostrata, commonly known as String of Turtles, features long, trailing vines adorned with small, round leaves that resemble the pattern of a turtle's shell. The leaves have a unique and attractive variegated appearance.
To plant string of turtles in a terrarium, trim and root particular person vines.

String of turtles is one other member of the Peperomia genus (Peperomia prostrata), however this species is so lovable and becoming for terrariums that it deserves its personal part. The lengthy vines produce cute rounded leaves with a sample that appears similar to a turtle shell – an amazing ornamental function for smaller terrariums.

Very similar to Pilea glauca, the best option to plant string of turtles in a terrarium is to trim off particular person vines and root them. That is particularly useful if in case you have a glass with a slim opening that’s robust to suit bigger vegetation by.

Spider Plant

Top view, close-up of three Chlorophytum comosum plants in a flowerbed. Chlorophytum comosum, commonly known as Spider Plant, has long, arching leaves that are green with white stripes or variegation. The leaves are narrow and pointed, giving the plant an attractive and spiky appearance.
Spider vegetation can work in closed terrariums, however are greatest for open terrariums.

Chlorophytum comosum is likely one of the hottest houseplants for freshmen, recognized for its capacity to adapt and thrive in numerous situations. It’s not often a primary selection for terrariums, however if in case you have an present plant with tiny pups prepared for planting, they’ll simply squeeze into smaller containers for rooting.

Though they’re comfortable in excessive humidity, spider vegetation are typically higher suited to open terrariums with common watering. Should you plant in a closed terrarium, water sparingly and be careful for indicators of rot, which might shortly unfold to different vegetation.

Dwarf Arrowhead Vine

Close-up of Dwarf Arrowhead Vine in a white pot on a gray background. Dwarf Arrowhead Vine, also known as Syngonium 'Pixie,' has small, arrowhead-shaped leaves with various shades of green and silver variegation. The leaves are compact and grow on trailing stems.
This dwarf vine fits terrariums on account of its smaller dimension, adaptability, and tolerance for low mild.

The Syngonium genus is understood for giant shield-shaped leaves and vigorous development – not supreme for terrariums. Fortunately, there’s an lovable dwarf selection to save lots of the day. Syngonium podophyllum ‘Pixie’ is the proper cultivar for terrarium planting, with smaller leaves however the identical mottled shade and form we all know and love.

Apart from advantages in dimension, dwarf arrowhead vine is adaptable and tolerant of neglect. They develop greatest in vibrant oblique mild but in addition deal with low mild in small areas.

Crocodile Fern

Close-up of Microsorum musifolium in a soft peach ceramic pot, against a white background. Microsorum musifolium, commonly known as the Crocodile Fern, features fronds with distinctive scaly patterns resembling crocodile skin. The leaves are narrow, elongated, and densely covered in these scaly patterns, giving the plant a unique and textured appearance.
The crocodile fern provides a singular texture to your terrarium with its compact dimension and scaly-patterned fronds.

If a singular texture is what you want in your terrarium, look no additional than Microsorum musifolium. This plant is named crocodile fern for the scaly patterns on its fronds. That, mixed with its compact dimension and love of excessive humidity, make this fern a terrarium must-have.

Whereas they love moisture, crocodile ferns hate sitting in soggy soil. Make sure the substrate is well-draining, and by no means add an excessive amount of water to the container, particularly when planting in a closed terrarium. These sluggish growers tolerate small areas and thrive in medium to vibrant oblique mild.

Watermelon Vine

Close-up of Pellionia pulchra in a hanging pot outdoors. Pellionia pulchra, also known as Watermelon Vine, has uniquely variegated leaves resembling watermelon skin. Its leaves are oval-shaped, green with striking patterns of dark and light green.
Watermelon vine is right for terrariums on account of its variegated leaves and wish for a steady, high-humidity surroundings.

Earlier than you begin imagining huge watermelon vegetation in tiny glass terrariums, we’re not speaking concerning the edible watermelon vine. Quite, the species excellent for terrarium development is Pellionia pulchra, generally often called watermelon vine for its uniquely variegated leaves.

Watermelon vine might be robust to seek out and has a popularity for being fussy. They will’t stay with out excessive humidity and hate modifications of their surroundings. Fortunately, watermelon vines are content material in a terrarium’s constantly excessive humidity.


Close-up of Dischidia plant in a black plastic hanging pot, outdoors. Dischidia plants have small, round, or oval leaves of pale green color. This plant features trailing or vining growth habits.
Low-maintenance dischidia is appropriate for open terrariums, however be cautious of overwatering to keep away from rot.

Dischidia is a splendidly low-maintenance genus of vegetation carefully associated to Hoyas. They aren’t as well-known as their plant cousins, however their ease of development makes them nicely value including to your houseplant assortment.

Dischidia vines usually sport compact leaves that make an amazing addition to open terrariums. The leaves do maintain some moisture, making them delicate to rot when overwatered. These vegetation are supreme trailing species for open terrariums, pairing nicely with taller succulents to fill within the gaps.


Close-up of Begonia masoniana growing in a terrarium among other plants. The Begonia masoniana, or Iron Cross Begonia, is characterized by large, glossy, deep green leaves with a prominent dark brown to maroon cross-shaped pattern in the center. The leaves have a slightly asymmetrical oval shape with undulated edges.
Begonias supply numerous choices for terrariums, thriving in a closed surroundings’s heat and excessive humidity.

With an enormous selection in form, shade, and dimension, it’s simple to discover a begonia you’ll fall in love with. The colourful patterned leaves stand out in terrariums, with the gorgeous blooms as an added bonus in the best situations.

These tropical vegetation love heat and high-humidity environments like those created by closed terrariums. Some species are extra delicate to overwatering than others, so keep watch over moisture ranges to keep away from damaging the roots early on.

Prayer Vegetation

Close-up of Prayer Plant in a large green pot, against a white wall. The Prayer Plant, scientifically known as Maranta, is characterized by its striking and vibrant foliage. It features slender, upright stems with leaves that are oval in shape. The most distinctive feature of the Prayer Plant is the intricate and colorful patterns on its leaves. These patterns include various shades of green, with contrasting veins in pink.
Marantas have vibrant, tropical-patterned leaves suited to terrariums.

Prayer plant is the frequent identify for a number of houseplants, however we’re specializing in these within the Maranta genus. Marantas are simple to establish for his or her colourful and patterned leaves that nearly don’t look actual till you rise up shut.

These vegetation come from the tropics, matching terrarium environments nicely. The one concern to handle is dimension, because the leaves can turn out to be fairly massive. Use them because the central plant in a big terrarium, planting with lower-growing vines to forestall overcrowding.  

Philodendron micans

Close-up of Philodendron micans in a large gray decorative ceramic pot, against a white wall. The Philodendron micans has slender, vining stems covered in velvety, dark green leaves that have a heart-like shape. The leaves shimmer with iridescent hues, adding to its aesthetic appeal.
The low-maintenance Philodendron micans has hanging, velvety leaves.

A number of vegetation within the Philodendron genus are well-suited to terrarium planting. Nevertheless, Philodendron micans are on the prime of my record. The leaves of this species are extremely eye-catching and have a velvety sheen not usually seen in terrarium vegetation.

Philodendrons are recognized for being low-maintenance, and this species isn’t any totally different. Plant in a big terrarium, ideally with an ornamental piece of wooden or low opening to permit the climbing or cascading vines to shine.

Alocasia ‘Bambino’

Top view, close-up of an Alocasia Bambino plant in a clay pot on a light windowsill. The Alocasia Bambino has deep green leaves with contrasting white veins. They are arrowhead-shaped, giving them a unique and distinct appearance.
‘Bambino’ alocasia has hanging deep inexperienced leaves and contrasting white veins, including a dramatic aptitude.

Alocasias have slowly climbed to the highest of houseplant favourite lists because of their patterned leaves and distinctive development habits. Whereas most cultivars are far too massive to suit right into a terrarium, ‘Bambino’ has a lot smaller leaves that keep compact whereas including the colourful aptitude of different Alocasia species.

‘Bambino’ is a cultivar of Alocasia amazonica with deep inexperienced leaves and contrasting white veins. The colour is intensified in brighter mild, changing into virtually black and heightening the distinction. For these searching for drama of their terrarium design, that is the best way to get it.

‘Fluffy Ruffles’ Sword Fern

Close-up of the leaves of the Fluffy Ruffles Sword Fern plant. The Fluffy Ruffles Sword Fern (Nephrolepis exaltata 'Fluffy Ruffles') has fronds with a distinctive ruffled appearance. The leaves are dark green, pinnate, finely dissected.
This charming fern cultivar thrives in closed terrariums with excessive humidity.

The final fern on the record is arguably probably the most lovable, particularly in its identify. ‘Fluffy Ruffles’ is a cultivar of Nephrolepis exaltata with a typical identify that completely describes the ruffled fronds. Not like common sword ferns that develop fairly massive, ‘Fluffy Ruffles’ sticks to an lovable 12 inches, simply becoming into closed terrariums.

Houseplant growers usually discover these vegetation difficult to maintain comfortable. However the excessive humidity and common moisture in a closed terrarium will do many of the give you the results you want. High it off with vibrant oblique mild, and also you’ll don’t have any hassle rising this plant.

Cushion Moss

Leucobryum glaucum, commonly known as Cushion Moss, has a dense, compact appearance with soft, green leaves that grow close to the ground. It forms a cushion-like mound of foliage, creating a lush and carpet-like texture.
Cushion moss provides a woodland contact to terrariums, staying low to the bottom.

Mosses are virtually important in terrariums, overlaying the soil with inexperienced development and creating that woodland look most individuals are after. Cushion moss is a terrarium staple, with smooth leaves that stick low to the bottom and complement taller vegetation.

Leucobryum glaucum doesn’t unfold a lot or take over, making preliminary placement key. For intricate initiatives, you possibly can separate it into clumps for planting or cowl the soil with a big patch and watch it thrive.


Close-up of Selaginella kraussiana plants outdoors in special straw blocks tied with wire. Selaginella kraussiana, commonly known as Spikemoss or Krauss' Clubmoss, features tiny, feathery, and vibrant green leaves arranged in a dense, fern-like manner. Its appearance is intricate and resembles miniature pine branches, creating a lush and textured look.
Selaginella kraussiana thrives in terrariums with excessive humidity, vibrant oblique mild, and constant moisture.

Spikemoss will not be technically a real moss, however it definitely appears (and grows) like one. This species, scientifically Selaginella kraussiana, develops tiny fern-like leaves that unfold alongside the bottom. They’re helpful groundcovers or houseplants however are most frequently utilized in terrariums.

Excessive humidity is the one situation required for fast development, which might be achieved by planting in a closed terrarium. Past that, vibrant oblique mild and constant moisture will assist the fragile leaves look lush year-round.

Sphagnum Moss

Close-up of Sphagnum Moss. Sphagnum Moss has a soft and feathery appearance, with delicate, fine-textured leaves that are green. Its overall look resembles a lush and dense carpet of moss.
Reside sphagnum moss is a beneficial addition to closed terrariums and thrives with common watering and excessive humidity.

Sphagnum moss has a wide range of makes use of within the backyard, however it’s often dried or used as a soil modification (peat moss). Typically neglected, stay sphagnum moss is a superb addition to any closed terrarium. It could be robust to seek out, however it’s value a purchase order if you will get your arms on some.

Moisture is important to maintain this plant alive. Common watering and excessive humidity will cease it from drying out, so pair it with vegetation which are equally comfortable in wetter environments.

Peacock Spikemoss

Selaginella uncinata, also known as Peacock Spikemoss, has captivating blue-green foliage with an iridescent quality. Its tiny leaves form a dense mat and create a striking blue-green hue that resembles the colors of a peacock's tail feathers.
Peacock spikemoss, recognized for its distinctive blue-green shade, thrives in low mild and moist situations.

This relative of Selaginella kraussiana is called peacock spikemoss for its gorgeous blue-green hue. With a while to settle in, the leaves will type a dense iridescent mat in a shade not usually seen in terrariums.

Selaginella uncinata is remarkably robust, dealing with low mild and waterlogged soil nicely. Use it as a function plant in an ornamental terrarium or as a floor cowl round taller vegetation – it’ll stand out irrespective of the place it’s planted.

Temper Moss

Close-up of Dicranum scoparium, also known as Mood Moss, is a moss species with soft, feathery, and finely branched leaves. It forms dense, cushion-like mats and has a vibrant green color.
This soft-textured true moss is right for closed terrariums that require constant moisture to thrive.

Not like peacock spikemoss, Dicranum scoparium is a real moss. It has a captivatingly smooth texture that you would be able to’t assist however contact, so it’s most likely higher left locked away in a closed terrarium. It’s nice for overlaying open filth patches, attaching to many alternative soil varieties, and thriving with loads of moisture.

This species is named temper moss for its considerably fussy nature. It’s not supreme for forgetful waterers because it dries shortly and loses shade. However a closed terrarium will assist preserve moisture locked in, serving to preserve the proper situations.


Close-up of Tillandsia growing among the driftwoods. Tillandsia, commonly known as air plants, have slender, wiry stems and long, narrow leaves. The leaves are gray-green with a slight whitish coating.
These distinctive vegetation thrive in well-lit, open environments.

A lot of the vegetation beforehand talked about are appropriate for closed terrariums. Now, let’s transfer on to these solely reserved for open terrariums.

Though the idea of an “open terrarium” is up for debate (terrariums are often, by definition, sealed), these glass preparations have turn out to be widespread for succulent or epiphytic vegetation that may’t deal with enclosed environments. Air vegetation are one in all them.

Tillandsias add an architectural aptitude to glass containers, particularly when hooked up to an inventive piece of driftwood. Place your artwork piece on ornamental gravel inside your container, and also you’ll create eye-catching residing décor that solely wants an occasional misting and vibrant mild to thrive.


Close-up of Echeveria in a black plastic pot outdoors. The plant forms a round rosette in the shape of a rose, which consists of large fleshy leaves. The leaves are round in shape, with pointed tips. They are bright green in color with pinkish edges due to exposure to the sun.
Echeveria succulents, recognized for his or her compact, geometric shapes and enticing colours, are widespread in open terrariums.

Of all of the succulents in the marketplace, species within the Echeveria genus are these most frequently utilized in open terrariums. They’re beloved for his or her compact geometric kinds in grey-green or purple-pink hues, pushing out lovable flowers in the best situations.

As succulents are vulnerable to rot, it’s important to plant them in a well-draining succulent combine and to layer your terrarium to maintain extra moisture away from the bottom. As foolish as it could really feel, I like to make use of a straw to water across the roots as wanted, avoiding any probabilities of rot that will kill the plant.

Jade Plant

Close-up of Crassula ovata in a beautiful ceramic pot on a white background. The plant is in the form of a small tree, forms a vertical thick trunk and branched stems that are covered with fleshy leaves. The leaves are round, dark green, glossy.
Jade plant is adaptable to varied indoor situations however can turn out to be massive over time.

Crassula ovata is extremely robust – one of many explanation why it’s a widespread succulent for rising indoors. It adapts to totally different environments nicely, doesn’t thoughts decrease mild ranges, and has a structural look that you just don’t usually see in terrariums.

The first challenge is dimension. Jade vegetation will develop fairly massive if given the area indoors and may develop even bigger outdoor. Fortunately, they do develop comparatively slowly, permitting you to maintain smaller vegetation in massive terrariums for some time earlier than they should be moved.


Close-up of a Haworthia in a small white pot with a nice fine rocky substrate. the plant forms a rosette of elongated, fleshy leaves with pointed, sharp tips. The leaves are dark green and covered with irregular raised white markings.
Zebra cactus stays compact, making them appropriate for small open terrariums.

Haworthias are sometimes referred to as zebra cactus for his or her spiky and striped look. There are numerous fascinating species to select from, with every remaining compact and simply becoming into smaller open terrariums.

Haworthias produce small plantlets as they unfold, supreme for propagation. When you’ve got an present plant in a container or in your backyard, often pull off the pups for planting in terrariums. Like echeverias, they want sandy soil and minimal watering to thrive.

String of Pearls

Top view, close-up of Curio rowleyanus in a small black pot on a black surface. Curio rowleyanus, often called String of Pearls, features long, slender, trailing stems covered in small, spherical, bead-like leaves. The leaves are light green and resemble tiny pearls strung along the stems.
This draping houseplant thrives in decrease mild situations and is right for terrariums with low openings.

Houseplant lovers love string succulents as a result of they’ve a better tolerance for decrease mild ranges. Curio rowleyanus stays one of the widespread, producing delicate dangling pearls that look nice anyplace.

In case your open terrarium has a low opening, string of pearls is nice for planting on the sting to hang around the edges. Pair it with taller succulents and preserve it in a vibrant space to cease the areas between leaves from stretching.

Hens and Chicks

Close-up of a woman's hand holding a black pot with a growing Hens and Chicks plant. The plant forms round rosettes of beautiful triangular fleshy leaves of bright green color with purple pointed tips.
Sempervivum vegetation have a compact, geometric look.

The Sempervivum genus contains compact vegetation with a structural and geometric look nice for open terrariums. The frequent identify comes from the small pups the plant produces across the base, supreme for trimming off and planting in new terrariums.

To assist quick sempervivums stand out, cowl the soil with a layer of contrasting ornamental gravel. This improves aesthetics and provides to the gritty and well-draining situations the vegetation favor.

Panda Plant

Close-up of Kalanchoe tomentosa succulent in a small plastic pot, against a blurred garden background. This plant forms vertical stems covered with fleshy oval leaves. The leaves have a fluffy cover. They are gray in color with brown-orange dots along the edges.
Panda plant is a gorgeous succulent recognized for its fluffy leaves.

The earlier succulent choices (bar Crassula ovata) keep low to the bottom. They appear greatest in shorter glasses. For tall open terrariums with a whole lot of overhead area to fill, you’re higher off selecting one thing like Kalanchoe tomentosa.

This species is usually often called the panda plant, with equally lovable cultivar names like ‘Chocolate Soldier’ and ‘Teddy Bear.’ The fluffy texture of the leaves solely provides to the attract, making every one vital.

Burro’s Tail

Close-up of Burro's Tail succulent plant in a hanging black pot in a sunny garden. Sedum morganianum, commonly known as Burro's Tail or Donkey's Tail, has long trailing stems covered in succulent, plump, and fleshy leaves. The leaves are blue-green in color and look like small, chubby cylinders or beans attached closely to the stems.
Contemplate planting Sedum morganianum in a terrarium the place the vines can hang around of the opening, however be sure you water sparingly.

The ultimate entry on the record is one in all my all-time favorites – Sedum morganianum. It’s generally referred to as burro’s tail or donkey’s tail, and it’s not arduous to see why. Succulent leaves cowl the vines so tightly that you would be able to’t see the stem, making it look similar to a group of tails.

Like string of pearls, plant this species in a terrarium the place the vines can hang around of the opening. Water sparingly and provides them loads of mild to cease the stems from stretching and leaves from dropping.

Remaining Ideas

Should you’re pondering of planting a closed or open terrarium, there are sure to be a number of choices on this record that fit your model. Be sure you tailor the soil combine and care to the forms of vegetation you’re rising to assist them thrive in these distinctive environments.



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