Lovely Sorts of Native Florida Flowers
With a nickname just like the “Sunshine State”, it’s no shock that Florida has a various, vibrant vary of native crops. Florida enjoys a tropical local weather, good for uncommon crops like bromeliads and pitcher crops. The state can be house to a number of native wildflowers widespread throughout the US. On this article, we’ll look at 50 beautiful native Florida flowers and crops.
Florida Native Vary
Though most of Florida has a tropical local weather, the state nonetheless has a various vary of plant habitats. These different ecosystems embody the enduring Everglades and different wetland habitats. Florida’s native crops develop in all places, from sandy seashores to the shady forests that cowl nearly half of the state.
Florida is situated within the southeastern United States, forming a tropical peninsula. Florida’s coastlines straddle each the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico. The northern a part of the state is subtropical, whereas southern Florida is categorized as a real tropical local weather.
Florida is split into 4 USDA Hardiness Zones. The northernmost a part of Florida falls inside Zone 8. Because the peninsula progresses south, it transitions from Zone 9 to Zone 10. The Florida Keys have a Zone 11 local weather.
How Are Florida’s Native Vegetation Outlined?
Though Florida has a shocking vary of native flowers and crops, it may be difficult to separate them from naturalized or launched species. In gardens throughout the state, folks could domesticate a mixture of native and non-native crops. The 2 classes might be separated utilizing historic dates.
Vegetation are classed as native to Florida in the event that they had been rising wild within the state earlier than European settlers arrived within the 1500s. Principally, species that had been rising in pre-Columbian occasions are categorized as native to Florida. Many indigenous crops had been possible utilized by varied Native American societies for meals and medication.
When Are Florida’s Native Vegetation In Season?
On account of Florida’s gentle, tropical local weather, native crops might be in season for a lot of the 12 months. Florida’s winters aren’t often harsh, so flowers can bloom any time from early spring till early winter. Some species could even flower all 12 months lengthy. Frost will not be often a problem for a lot of of Florida’s native crops or flowers.
50 Beautiful Native Florida Flowers and Vegetation
1. Gayfeather (Liatris spp.)
Generally often called gayfeather or blazing star, the Liatris genus is a bunch of flowering perennials discovered all through Florida. Roughly 17 gayfeather species are native to Florida, together with dense gayfeather (Liatris spicata) and pinkscale gayfeather (Liatris elegans). These beautiful crops work nicely as ornamentals and can be utilized in vases and bouquets.
Gayfeathers develop in clumps that produce tall flowering spikes from mid-summer till fall. Every flower has a chic, frilly look and is available in shades of pink, purple, and white. Gayfeathers develop in woodlands, prairies, and scrublands and like full solar.
2. Firebush (Hamelia patens)
Firebush is a shocking flowering perennial with stalks of small, tubular blazing purple or orange flowers. Hamelia patens belong to the espresso household (Rubiaceae) and may develop as evergreen shrubs or small bushes. Every plant can develop as much as 15 toes tall and 6 to eight toes large.
Firebush crops are important for Florida’s native wildlife. The beautiful flowers are sometimes visited by pollinators comparable to butterflies and hummingbirds. The purple fruits steadily flip purple or black and are an important meals supply for birds. Firebush grows in forests throughout central and southern Florida.
3. Burr Marigold (Bidens laevis)
Burr marigolds (Bidens laevis) are a few of Florida’s brightest and most stunning wildflowers. These beautiful annuals have yellow composite single flowers with brown or yellow disc florets and seven to eight petals. The fruits have two small barbs used to latch onto passing people or animals.
Burr marigolds are prolific crops from the Asteraceae household that thrive in Florida’s wetland habitats. These crops unfold simply, making them unsuitable for backyard planting. They flower from late fall into early winter and may develop between 2 and three toes tall.
4. Bladderworts (Utricularia spp.)
Bladderworts (Utricularia spp.) are fascinating carnivorous crops native to Florida. These rootless crops are aquatic and float alongside waterways looking for prey. The leaves help tiny bladder-like sacs that lure unsuspecting bugs and digest them in a speedy and complex course of.
A few of Florida’s commonest bladderwort species embody Japanese purple bladderwort (Utricularia purpurea) and Florida yellow bladderwort (Utricularia floridana). Bladderworts produce stunning yellow or purple flowers that protrude from the water and bloom all year long.
5. Purple Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea)
Purple coneflowers (Echinacea purpurea) are widespread throughout a lot of the US however are literally endangered in Florida. These iconic prairie wildflowers are solely present in Gadsden County in northern Florida. Purple coneflowers have a spread of advantages and are sometimes utilized in conventional Native American medication.
Purple coneflowers are flowering perennial wildflowers that develop between 2 and 5 toes tall. Every stem produces a sizeable purple flower with orange-brown central disc florets. Purple coneflowers are simple to develop in most gardens and thrive in full solar and well-draining soils.
6. Coralbean (Erythrina herbacea)
Also referred to as the Cherokee bean, coralbean (Erythrina herbacea) is a perennial flowering shrub or small tree from the legume household (Fabaceae). Coralbean grows all through Florida in dry forests or sandy and rocky areas. They’re a preferred backyard plant that pulls pollinators comparable to butterflies and hummingbirds.
The coralbean produces flowering spikes lined with purple or pink tubular flowers. This plant will get its identify from its pink or coral-colored fruits. Coralbean sometimes grows between 3 and eight toes tall however can rise as excessive as 20 toes in some environments.
7. Scarlet Hibiscus (Hibiscus coccineus)
Scarlet hibiscus (Hibiscus coccineus) is one in every of Florida’s most vibrant native flowers. Hailing from the mallow household (Malvaceae), this herbaceous perennial thrives in moist, sunny wetland areas. Most populations are present in central Florida.
Scarlet hibiscus grows between 3 and eight toes tall and produces giant, vibrant purple flowers. Though every flower solely blooms for at some point, these crops can produce plenty of flowers all through spring and summer season. Scarlet hibiscus makes a dramatic addition to any backyard however will go dormant throughout the winter.
8. Azaleas (Rhododendron spp.)
The beautiful Azalea are a few of Florida’s most recognizable flowering shrubs and bushes. They’re intently associated to Rhododendrons and are available from the identical genus. Azaleas might be deciduous or evergreen and like rising in shady wooded or wetland areas.
Florida has a number of stunning native azaleas, together with the Florida flame azalea (Rhododendron austrinum) and the Southern Pinxter azalea (Rhododendron canescens). Florida’s lone native evergreen azalea, Chapman’s azalea (Rhododendron chapmanii), is listed as endangered.
9. Tickseed (Coreopsis spp.)
Since 1991, tickseeds (Coreopsis spp.) have been the official state wildflowers of Florida. These cheery wildflowers brighten up roadsides throughout Florida from late summer season till early winter. Florida is house to 12 tickseed species, together with Florida tickseed (Coreopsis floridana) and Leavenworth’s tickseed (Coreopsis leavenworthii).
Tickseeds are flowering perennials that develop between 2 and three toes tall. Most species produce vibrant yellow composite single flowers with central disc florets. Together with roadsides, tickseed flowers thrive in wetland prairies and pine forests.
10. Star Anise Shrubs (Illicium spp.)
Though star anise (Illicium spp.) is often related to Asia, a number of species of this shrub are additionally native to Florida. Each Florida anise (Illicium floridanum) and yellow anise (Illicium parviflorum) are native to the Sunshine State. Florida anise is present in northwestern Florida, whereas yellow anise grows in central Florida.
Star anise is a perennial evergreen flowering shrub that may develop as much as 15 or 20 toes tall. These shrubs have lance-shaped leaves and aromatic white, pinkish-red, or yellow flowers. Nonetheless, each species that develop in Florida would not have edible seeds, in contrast to the unique star anise.
11. Resurrection Fern (Pleopeltis polypodioides)
Few of Florida’s native crops are as unusual because the resurrection fern (Pleopeltis polypodioides). In dry climate, the resurrection fern shrivels up and modifications to a grey coloration. When the rain returns, the fern unfurls and turns vibrant inexperienced as soon as once more.
Resurrection ferns are epiphytes – which means that they develop on different crops fairly than within the soil. These crops have thick inexperienced fronds and like moist habitats. They’re discovered all through Florida and develop between 6 and 9 inches tall.
12. Elliott’s Aster (Symphyotrichum elliottii)
Elliott’s aster (Symphyotrichum elliottii) is one in every of Florida’s most colourful native wildflowers. These perennials develop in most elements of Florida besides northwestern areas. Elliott’s asters develop in clumps that may attain as much as 4 toes tall.
These wildflowers produce plenty of beautiful composite single-flower heads. Every flower consists of central yellow disk florets surrounded by lavender-blue petals. Elliott’s asters bloom throughout the fall and like wetland habitats. They may also be discovered lining roadsides throughout the state.
13. Coral Honeysuckle (Lonicera sempervirens)
Coral honeysuckle (Lonicera sempervirens) is a ravishing flowering vine native to central and northern Florida. It comes from the honeysuckle household (Caprifoliaceae), though it doesn’t produce any scent. These prolific vines can attain over 15 toes lengthy and work nicely when educated up a trellis.
Coral honeysuckle produces darkish purple or orange tubular flowers from spring till fall. It’s an evergreen vine in central areas however could grow to be deciduous additional north. Butterflies and hummingbirds flock to the flowers, whereas the purple berries are an essential meals supply for birds.
14. Scarlet Sage (Salvia coccinea)
Also referred to as tropical sage, scarlet sage (Salvia coccinea) is a shocking herbaceous flowering perennial from the sage household (Lamiaceae). Frequent all through most of Florida, scarlet sage sometimes grows in woodlands or meadows. It’s a improbable alternative for a wildflower backyard.
Scarlet sage blooms all year long in some elements of Florida however is at its finest from summer season till fall. Every flower spike is roofed in vibrant scarlet tubular flowers that entice pollinators. Every bloom might be so long as an inch.
15. Lyreleaf Sage (Salvia lyrata)
Lyreleaf sage (Salvia lyrata) is a chic wildflower that belongs to the sage or mint household (Lamiaceae). Lyreleaf sage produces alluring gentle blue flowers from late winter to late spring. Salvia lyrata is discovered all through a lot of the state apart from the tip of southern Florida.
Lyreleaf sage grows in shady woodland areas however may also be discovered alongside roadsides. Every plant grows between 1 and a pair of toes tall, with leafless, darkish purple spikes. Lyreleaf sage is a crucial wildflower for pollinators like bees.
16. Stoke’s Aster (Stokesia leavis)
Stoke’s aster (Stokesia leavis) is a placing member of the aster household (Asteraceae). Native to scattered elements of the Florida Panhandle, Stoke’s aster produces beautiful gentle blue composite flowers. Every flower has a central white floret surrounded by small, tubular flowers and an outer ring of lobed petals.
Stoke’s aster flowers thrive in prairie or scrubland habitats throughout the summer season. These herbaceous perennials may also be discovered on the margins of swamps and different wetlands. Stoke’s aster is a wonderful addition to a wildflower backyard.
17. Muhly Grasses (Muhlenbergia spp.)
Muhly grasses (Muhlenbergia spp.) are a few of Florida’s most widespread native grasses. These perennial evergreen grasses can attain between 2 and 4 toes tall and develop all through the state. Also referred to as hairgrass, these grasses produce wispy pink or purple flowers throughout the fall.
Florida has three species of muhly grass. The most typical are hairawn muhly (Muhlenbergia capillaris) and its subspecies; Gulf hairawn muhly (Muhlenbergia capillaris var. filipes). The opposite native species is tall red-top grass (Tridens flavus).
18. Florida Violets (Viola spp.)
Lovely violets (Viola spp.) are a captivating floor of flowers from the Violaceae household. Violets are widespread around the globe, with just a few species which are native to Florida. These are small perennials that favor shaded woodland habitats all through the state. They are often recognized by their heart-shaped inexperienced leaves.
The widespread blue violet (Viola sororia) is Florida’s commonest species and is definitely edible. Florida can be house to the bathroom white violet (Viola lanceolata), which likes wetland habitats. Walter’s violet (Viola walteri) is a darkish blue species present in northern Florida.
19. Purple Passionflower (Passiflora incarnata)
One among Florida’s most colourful native flowers is the purple passionflower (Passiflora incarnata), which belongs to the Passifloraceae household. These herbaceous perennial vines develop all through most of Florida and may attain as much as 10 toes lengthy.
Purple passionflowers have a number of layers, beginning with ten lavender-blue petals. Then comes a disc of purple and white frills surrounding the outstanding inexperienced stamens. These crops additionally produce giant spherical yellowish-green fruits. The flowers bloom from spring till fall, when the fruits then emerge.
20. Girls-tresses (Spiranthes spp.)
Girls-tresses (Spiranthes spp.) are a few of Florida’s most charming and delicate native orchids. Girls-tresses are semi-aquatic wildflowers that develop in wetland habitats throughout most of Florida. Within the fall, these orchids produce elegant spikes of white or yellow resupinate flowers that may create a beautiful perfume.
Florida is house to a number of species of ladies-tresses. The most typical is aromatic ladies-tresses (Spiranthes odorata). Different species embody Florida ladies-tresses (Spiranthes floridana) and panther ladies-tresses (Spiranthes triloba).
21. Blanket Flowers (Gaillardia spp.)
Blanket flowers (Gaillardia spp.) are vibrant, colourful wildflowers named after the patterned blankets utilized by Native People. These flowers belong to the Asteraceae household and develop all through most areas of Florida. As well as, blanket flowers are important for wildlife, particularly pollinators comparable to bees and butterflies.
Florida has two native species of blanket flowers. Gaillardia pulchella has beautiful reddish-orange flowers with yellow petal suggestions. The graceful-headed blanket flower (Gaillardia aestivalis) has vibrant yellow lobed petals with darkish brown or black central florets.
22. West Indian Tufted Air Plant (Guzmania monostachia)
Florida boasts 16 native species of bromeliads, and one of the crucial fascinating is the West Indian tufted air plant (Guzmania monostachia). Also referred to as the striped torch Guzmania, this species is listed as Endangered in Florida. It’s discovered within the southernmost counties of the Florida peninsula.
Guzmania monostachia is a “tank” bromeliad, which signifies that it shops water in puddles between its fleshy vibrant inexperienced leaves. All year long, it produces a spike of white flowers.
23. Catopsis Bromeliads
Three native Catopsis bromeliads might be present in Florida. Catopsis berteroniana – the powdery strap air plant – is essentially the most distinctive. This Endangered species grows in southern Florida and is definitely carnivorous. Every leaf is roofed in powder, which traps bugs for the plant to digest.
The Florida strap air plant (Catopsis floribunda) is one other native Endangered bromeliad. This tank bromeliad has vibrant inexperienced leaves and yellow or white flowers. The rarest native Catopsis bromeliad is the nodding strap air plant (Catopsis nutans). It produces skinny white flowers that bloom at evening from August to October.
24. Tillandsia Bromeliads
Most of Florida’s native bromeliads belong to the Tillandsia genus, generally often called air crops. Spanish moss (Tillandsia usneoides) is essentially the most well-known, which hangs down from bushes throughout Florida. These native Tillandsia bromeliads are epiphytes and develop hooked up to bushes and different crops.
Most of those species are discovered within the tropical local weather of southern Florida. Tillandsia bromeliads typically produce tiny flowers in colours like inexperienced, yellow, and white. Bartram’s air plant (Tillandsia bartramii) is one other widespread species in Florida.
25. Japanese Redbud (Cercis canadensis)
Japanese redbud (Cercis canadensis) is one in every of Florida’s most dazzling shrubs. These deciduous perennials produce plenty of pink or magenta flowers throughout late winter and early spring. After flowering is completed, younger leaves emerge and steadily unfurl as they mature.
Japanese redbud grows in central and northern elements of Florida, together with the Panhandle. The flowers and seeds are very important to wildlife and may also be consumed by people. Japanese redbud belongs to the legume household (Fabaceae).
26. American beautyberry (Callicarpa americana)
American beautyberry (Callicarpa americana) is a flowering shrub from the mint household (Lamiaceae). It’s recognized for its colourful purple or magenta berries that emerge throughout late summer season and fall. These perennials, deciduous within the north and evergreen within the south, thrive in Florida’s pine rocklands.
American beautyberry produces small lavender, pink, or white flowers throughout late spring and early summer season. The sunshine inexperienced leaves really feel barely tough however can be utilized as a pure mosquito repellent.
27. Wild White Indigo (Baptisia alba)
Wild white indigo (Baptisia alba) is a chic member of the legume household (Fabaceae) that has long-lasting flowers. Clusters of pure white flowers emerge from lengthy flower spikes from March till Might. Every flower can final for just a few weeks, which is right for wildflower borders.
These herbaceous perennials develop all through the Panhandle and elements of central Florida. Wild white indigo can develop between 2 and 5 toes tall and unfold for as much as 4 toes.
28. Fakahatchee Grass (Tripsacum dactyloides)
Also referred to as jap gamagrass, Fakahatchee grass (Tripsacum dactyloides) is one in every of Florida’s most widespread native grasses. It grows in most habitats, together with roadsides, pine woodlands, scrublands, and wetland areas comparable to bogs.
Every clump can attain between 4 and 6 toes tall and roughly 2 to 4 toes large. Fakahatchee grass produces tall flower spikes that erupt with tiny orange, purple, and yellow flowers from spring till fall. Brown or yellow fruits then comply with from June till September.
29. Pink Columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)
Few of Florida’s native flowers can match purple columbine (Aquilegia canadensis) for sheer affect. Sadly, this magnificence can be uncommon – it’s solely present in three counties throughout the Panhandle. This herbaceous perennial is a member of the buttercup household (Ranunculaceae).
Pink columbine has tubular trumpet-shaped purple flowers with yellow stamens protruding from the underside. The flowers are nodding and have unusual hole sections that retailer nectar. Pink columbine prefers moist, rocky areas inside deciduous woodlands.
30. Railroad Vine (Ipomoea pes-caprae)
Intently associated to morning glory, the railroad vine (Ipomoea pes-caprae) is one in every of Florida’s most widespread native tropical vines. These prolific evergreen perennials often develop as much as 20 toes lengthy, though vines reaching 100 toes lengthy have been recorded. Railroad vine belongs to the bindweed household (Convolvulaceae).
Railroad vine produces giant purple or pink trumpet-shaped flowers and rounded succulent-like leaves. This tropical vine grows on the sandy seashores and dunes of Florida’s coastlines.
31. Sundews (Drosera spp.)
Sundews (Drosera spp.) are uncommon carnivorous wildflowers that thrive in wetland areas. Sundews use colourful, vibrant flowers to lure bugs into sticky glands on their leaves. The sundew contracts the leaf, wrapping its prey in a sticky tomb till it may be digested.
Florida has 5 native sundew species, together with dwarf sundew (Drosera brevifolia), pink sundew (Drosera capillaris), and Tracy’s sundew (Drosera tracyi). These perennials hardly ever exceed 12 inches tall and often bloom within the spring.
32. Spider Orchid (Brassia caudata)
Discovered solely in Miami-Dale County in southern Florida, spider orchids (Brassia caudata) are one of many state’s rarest native orchids. These uncommon epiphytes have lengthy, spider-like inexperienced leaves with brown markings. Spider orchids belong to the Epidendroideae subfamily of the orchid household (Orchidaceae).
Spider orchids want heat, tropical temperatures and develop solely in swamps and different wetland areas. The native inhabitants was closely decimated by frost and is confined to small pockets within the Everglades.
33. Cowhorn Orchid (Cyrtopodium punctatum)
Also referred to as cigar orchids, cowhorn orchids (Cyrtopodium punctatum) are a few of Florida’s most placing native orchids. Typically discovered on cypress bushes, these epiphytes produce plenty of flowers from March till Might. Every flower releases a powerful, candy scent to draw bugs.
Cowhorn orchids have vibrant yellow flowers with reddish-brown lips and purple or brown spots. These orchids favor woodlands and swamps and are present in southern Florida. They’re classed as Endangered in Florida.
34. Ghost Orchids (Dendrophylax lindenii)
Ghost orchids (Dendrophylax lindenii) are among the rarest flowers on this planet. In Florida, these orchids are solely present in three southern counties and are listed as endangered. Ghost orchids develop as epiphytes on host bushes in woodlands and swamps.
Most ghost orchids fail to flower, however people who do produce one or two ghostly white flowers. Every flower has two curving tendrils extending from a big decrease petal. When the flowers open, they produce a faint scent of apples.
35. Florida Butterfly Orchid (Encyclia tampensis)
Named for his or her butterfly-like look, Florida butterfly orchids (Encyclia tampensis) are a few of Florida’s most beautiful native orchids. Every star-shaped flower consists of 5 brown tepals and a white heart with purple markings. The flowers bloom in late spring and summer season and launch a scent just like honey.
Florida butterfly orchids inhabit forests and swamps in central and southern Florida. These perennial epiphytes have blade-like leaves that may attain roughly 12 to fifteen inches lengthy.
36. Inexperienced Fly Orchids (Epidendrum magnoliae)
Inexperienced fly orchids (Epidendrum magnoliae) are hardy orchids and the one native North American species that may survive exterior of Florida. Inexperienced fly orchids are perennial epiphytes that develop on the trunks of host bushes. They thrive in woodland habitats throughout the southeastern United States.
Inexperienced fly orchids have tubular yellowish-green flowers with outstanding decrease lips with three lobes. Inexperienced fly orchids often flower from August to March however can flower all year long in some areas.
37. Walter’s Viburnum (Viburnum obovatum)
Walter’s viburnum (Viburnum obovatum) is a perennial flowering shrub native to most elements of Florida. This evergreen prefers wetland areas and forests which have rivers. Walter’s viburnum produces clusters of white flowers within the spring and purple or black berries from summer season till fall.
Walter’s viburnum grows extraordinarily shortly and may attain as much as 15 toes tall and large. This member of the muskroot household (Adoxaceae) can be an important plant for wildlife.
38. Wild Blue Phlox (Phlox divaricata)
Wild blue phlox (Phlox divaricata) is a beautiful semi-evergreen wildflower that grows in central counties of the Florida Panhandle. These clump-forming perennials can develop as much as 1.5 toes tall. Wild blue phlox produces delicate blue star-shaped flowers with 5 petals from late spring to early summer season.
Wild blue phlox thrives on forested slopes and rocky bluffs. Every flower has deep nectar tubes that are perfect for butterflies and different pollinators.
39. Seashore Sunflower (Helianthus debilis)
Also referred to as dune sunflowers, seashore sunflowers (Helianthus debilis) thrive on Florida’s jap shoreline. These deciduous perennials develop as flowering shrubs however lack the peak of many backyard sunflowers. Seashore sunflowers develop as much as 2.5 toes tall however can unfold as much as 8 toes large.
Seashore sunflowers develop finest in sandy soils and may unfold aggressively. These sunflowers produce vibrant yellow flowers with reddish-brown central florets. Seashore sunflowers entice throngs of pollinators comparable to bees and butterflies.
40. Florida Swamp Lily (Crinum americanum)
Florida swamp lily (Crinum americanum) belongs to the amaryllis household (Amaryllidaceae) and thrives in Florida’s swamps and wetlands. It’s discovered all through the state apart from northeastern areas. Florida swamp lilies are evergreen perennials that may bloom at any time of 12 months in most areas.
Florida swamp lilies produce giant white, fragrant flowers composed of a number of lengthy, skinny tepals. The central a part of the flower head comprises white stamens with reddish-purple suggestions. These crops develop as much as 2 toes tall and roughly 1 foot large.
41. Ohio Spiderwort (Tradescantia ohiensis)
Ohio spiderwort (Tradescantia ohiensis) is a captivating little perennial wildflower that’s native to north and central Florida. The Tradescantia genus is a part of the broader spiderwort household (Commelinaceae). These evergreen wildflowers favor open areas or deciduous woodlands.
Ohio spiderwort is also called bluejacket because of its vibrant blue, pink, or purple flowers. Every flower has three petals and solely blooms for a single day. Ohio spiderwort flowers from spring till fall. Most elements of the plant are additionally edible.
42. Carolina Jessamine (Gelsemium sempervirens)
Carolina jessamine (Gelsemium sempervirens) is a vibrant, colourful vine from the Gelsemiaceae household. Regardless of not being a “true” jasmine, Carolina jessamine releases a ravishing candy scent that pulls pollinators. These evergreen perennial vines develop all through central and northern Florida.
Carolina jessamine has intoxicating vibrant yellow tubular flowers that erupt from vines that may develop as much as 25 toes lengthy. Flowering begins in late winter and continues into late spring. These prolific vines thrive in varied habitats, together with forests and wetlands.
43. Pitcher Vegetation (Sarracenia spp.)
Florida has six species of native carnivorous pitcher crops from the Sarracenia genus. Frequent native species embody hooded pitcher crops (Sarracenia minor), and yellow pitcher crops (Sarracenia flava). The placing whitetop pitcher plant (Sarracenia leucophylla) is listed as Weak.
These uncommon crops type urn-shaped pitchers which are used to lure bugs. The plant produces nectar as bait, luring bugs onto the lip of the plant. The lip is easy, inflicting bugs to fall into the pitcher, the place enzymes digest them.
44. Butterworts (Pinguicula spp.)
Butterworts (Pinguicula spp.) are a bunch of carnivorous flowering crops from the Lentibulariaceae household. Six species of butterworts are native to most elements of Florida. These embody blueflower butterworts (Pinguicula caerulea), small butterworts (Pinguicula pumila), violet butterworts (Pinguicula ionantha), and yellow butterworts (Pinguicula lutea).
Butterworts are perennials (other than small butterworts) that use succulent-like rosettes to lure bugs. Most butterwort species use colourful flowers to lure bugs onto their leaves, that are lined with tiny hairs. These hairs produce a sticky glue that traps the bugs in order that enzymes can digest them.
45. Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta)
Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta) is a standard wildflower discovered throughout most elements of Florida. These iconic wildflowers develop as perennials in Florida and thrive in moist, sunny habitats comparable to pine woodland. Black-eyed Susan is great for pollinators and produces improbable minimize flowers.
Black-eyed Susan can develop as much as 3 toes tall and produces giant composite flowers. Shiny yellow petals encompass the black or brown central florets. Flowering runs from spring till fall.
46. Seagrape (Coccoloba uvifera)
Seagrape (Coccoloba uvifera) is one in every of Florida’s most spectacular native coastal crops. These perennial shrubs and bushes can attain as much as 50 toes tall and unfold as large as 35 toes. They type a part of the Coccoloba genus of the buckwheat household (Polygonaceae).
Furthermore, seagrape will get its identify from the clusters of inexperienced grape-like fruits it produces from spring till late summer season. These crops are powerful and hardy, with thick leaves that may stand as much as robust winds.
47. Pink Buckeye (Aesculus pavia)
Also referred to as the firecracker plant, purple buckeye (Aesculus pavia) is a dramatic deciduous shrub or tree present in northern Florida. Pink buckeye is a part of the soapberry household (Sapindaceae) and flowers from late winter till spring.
Pink buckeye produces clusters of purple or darkish pink tubular flowers fashionable with butterflies and hummingbirds. Even the flower stalks are a darkish purple, with elliptical leaves which have serrated edges. These shrubs can attain as much as 35 toes tall and develop in hardwood forests.
48. Coontie Palm (Zamia integrifolia)
Coontie palm (Zamia integrifolia) is one in every of Florida’s native cycad species from the Zamiaceae household. These hardy evergreen perennials develop as much as 3 toes tall and roughly 5 toes large. Coontie palms develop throughout most of central and southern Florida however are absent from the Panhandle.
Coontie palms have giant fronds with lance-shaped leaves that may develop as much as 40 inches lengthy. Also referred to as arrowroot, Florida’s indigenous societies used coontie palms as a meals supply.
49. Atamasco Lily (Zephyranthes atamasca)
Additionally known as rain lilies or zephyr lilies, Atamasco lilies (Zephyranthes atamasca) are beautiful flowers that thrive in Florida’s wetland habitats. These perennial lilies belong to the amaryllis household (Amaryllidaceae) and are discovered all through central and northern Florida.
Atamasco lilies are at their finest after rainfall when the big white trumpet-shaped flowers typically emerge. The flowers occupy a single stem and have outstanding yellow stamens. Flowering runs from late winter into spring.
50. Southern Magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora)
Few bushes are as fashionable within the Southern United States because the Southern magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora). These stunning, spectacular bushes can develop as much as 65 toes tall. In Florida, Southern magnolias are present in central and northern areas, together with the Panhandle.
Southern magnolias produce giant, intoxicating white flowers that may develop as much as 12 inches large. The flowers have waxy petals and launch a citrus-like scent. Southern magnolias bloom from late spring till summer season.
Native Florida Flowers and Vegetation FAQs:
What’s Florida’s state flower?
What’s Florida’s state wildflower?
The tickseed (Coreopsis spp.) is Florida’s official state wildflower. It was chosen in 1991. Florida is house to 12 native species of tickseed flowers, together with Florida tickseed (Coreopsis floridana).
What flowers is Florida recognized for?
Florida is known for a lot of of its iconic native flowering crops, comparable to tickseed – the official state wildflower. Florida can be house to flowers related to the South, comparable to azaleas and Southern magnolia. Florida can be recognized for its vary of carnivorous crops, together with pitcher crops and sundews.
Are you able to decide wildflowers in Florida?
Though it may be tempting, it’s unlawful to select wildflowers or their seeds from public land in Florida. This legislation is in place to guard Florida’s 170 native wildflower species, particularly Threatened or Endangered crops. Nonetheless, you’ll find most of those varieties on the market at backyard facilities or nurseries if you wish to add them to your backyard.
Florida’s epic solid of native flowers and crops is extraordinarily intensive. From carnivorous pitcher crops and bladderworts to iconic wildflowers like black-eyed Susan, Florida is swamped with selection. Florida’s native crops inhabit different habitats comparable to coastlines, pine forests, and wetlands just like the Everglades. These improbable flowers embody tickseed – the official state wildflower.