Sunday, August 14, 2022
HomeBonsaiDamaged Bonsai Pot? No Downside! Fashionable Strategies for Ceramic Restore Via Kintsugi

Damaged Bonsai Pot? No Downside! Fashionable Strategies for Ceramic Restore Via Kintsugi


           Whether or not from poor packaging or
dealing with throughout transport, a powerful wind, a pet-related accident, or simply our
personal clumsiness, everybody in bonsai finally has to cope with the
frustration of a damaged bonsai pot. When you discovered this text as a result of this
not too long ago occurred to you, do not despair. You do have choices. You might
restore the pot so the cracks from its disaster are barely seen, however in
the esoteric world of bonsai aesthetics, generations of Japanese ceramics
earlier than us have developed a extra inventive technique to mend damaged pots – that is
the method referred to as kintsugi. 

        This text started from my very own analysis into strategies of
kintsugi restore so I might restore one in every of my damaged pots. 
 Like in different areas of bonsai, there’s a centuries-old, established,
conventional method however there are additionally extra trendy strategies that may make
the method of mending pots sooner, less complicated, and cheaper. 
The target of this text is easy – discover step-by-step
data that’s doable for an novice (like me), after which slim down
potential strategies by anticipated sturdiness, high quality of finish product, time to
full the restore, value of supplies, and comfort to find mentioned
supplies. To guage this listing of concerns, I summarized the professionals
and cons of every methodology based on my findings and interviews with individuals
who’ve tried every method (See the abstract desk on the finish for the brief model). Lastly, I modified the profitable kintsugi
restore protocol to be used on my pot and I’ll share that course of & outcome
subsequent time.

There are 3 foremost varieties of kintsugi restore – piece, crack, or
joint-call. Of the three varieties, the joint-call restore is the rarest and
not generally seen in bonsai shows. Supply

Sections

Notice: For the fabric sections, I make no endorsements of any
suppliers. The hyperlinks to suppliers are just one instance of sources and
pricing, however I am positive your native artwork shops and {hardware} shops would
respect your corporation as effectively!


            Kintsugi roughly interprets in English to
“golden joinery” or “golden restore” and is a course of to reattach damaged
items of a pot with golden (or different metallic) highlights over the
cracked areas. It’s believed that h
ighlighting the cracks and subsequently highlighting the pot’s damaged
historical past makes the pot extra stunning and probably much more beneficial. This
type of ceramic restore
 has a protracted historical past relationship again to the fifteenth century; allegedly,
kintsugi originated when a Japanese shogun despatched a ceramic tea bowl to China
for restore and was disillusioned when it got here again with ugly staples (
supply). This then led native Japanese artisans to create their very own method for
ceramic mending that had extra aesthetic enchantment. On this early period, the
restore was performed utilizing a Japanese lacquer comprised of condensed sap
of Toxicodendron, the identical genus as Poison Ivy (supply). The gold powder was then added on prime. Some strategies at the moment nonetheless use
this common sample, nonetheless, we even have stronger trendy epoxies, much less
poisonous lacquer choices, and cheaper alternate options to gold mud.

Sixteenth-century kintsugi instance from Korea’s Joseon dynasty (now on
show at Berlin’s Ethnological Museum).
Supply

Strategies:

        Particular data on the standard
kintsugi methodology is difficult to come back by in western sources, particularly relating to the
most important data – the right way to make the Urushi lacquer from 
Toxicodendron sap or various tree resins. Fortunately for individuals who wish to be
traditionalists, an artist in Italy has given you a head begin. Thom Rozendaal not too long ago shared the outcomes of his experiments with various tree resins to create an in depth, pure epoxy to the
authentic Japanese Urushi. Issues get much more sophisticated when gilding the restore, however Thom has discovered a pure answer to that as effectively. I extremely suggest studying extra about his strategies and
trials right here, the product of which you’ll be able to see under (supply).

As greatest I can surmise, Thom’s protocol was as follows.

  1. Dissolve copal resin (or various) in pure ethanol to render it right into a liquid.
  2. Combine liquid resin with water and flour to get a cheesy, epoxy-like texture.
  3. Apply resin to the pot and permit the restore to remedy for a number of days.
  4. Dissolve shellac into ethanol, combine gold powder to desired viscosity.
  5. If utilizing a copper-based powder, apply the combo rapidly overtop your cracks to keep away from oxidation of the colour.

The completed product of Thom’s experiments alongside the strong tree resin that he used for the restore. Supply

Supplies:

  • est value – $37.27 whole
    • $7.99 – Copal resin
    • 4.50  – “Shellac” (clear-drying pure lacquer comprised of the secretions of an insect)
      • The web site this hyperlinks to is an Italian artwork retailer. I am undecided if this product is broadly accessible…
      • View the web site in Italian and translate it in google translate to learn concerning the properties of this lacquer and the right way to correctly dissolve it.
    • $16.20 – 200 proof alcohol to dissolve the resin and lacquer.
    • $7.99 – Gold mica powder (or substitute)
    • Disposables for mixing, making use of the epoxy.

Execs: 

This methodology is the closest
I might discover to the standard Japanese methodology – if that’s essential to you.

Cons: 

Thom’s findings reveal that
utilizing tree resin to fix pottery comes with a really sluggish set time in comparison with
artificial epoxies. He stories it takes 3-7 days for the resin to completely remedy.
This implies sophisticated damaged pots with many items might take a month or extra
to restore through the unique methodology.

Thom additionally famous it was unattainable for his pure epoxy to ever dry if utilized in too giant an quantity – this dooms any mission with giant lacking items except an alternate methodology is used or one other answer is discovered.

Thom additionally mentioned how the
pure resins he used might not be sturdy to excessive temperatures within the context of
dishwashing his repaired bowl. Within the context of bonsai, this leaves us
questioning whether or not the standard restore methodology is sturdy to scorching summer time days
and freezing chilly temperatures. This will rely upon the kind of pure product used as different conventional kintsugi practitioners declare their merchandise to be extremely resilient (supply).

Supplies akin to pure tree resin could also be exhausting to supply.

Mixing your personal epoxy will take extra trial and error to get the consistency right.

        This methodology was dropped at my consideration by a fellow
Elandan Gardens/Dan Robinson
apprentice alumnus,
Eric Ridgeway. Eric and his spouse Victrinia are each very superior college students of bonsai,
a lot in order that they each had bushes on show on the US Nationwide Bonsai
Exhibit just some weeks in the past! That mentioned, Eric’s recommendation carries weight, so
I used to be stunned to listen to that this was his advisable kintsugi methodology as one fast repair –  I hadn’t heard of anybody suggesting utilizing these two substances
earlier than, however his outcomes are exhausting to argue with (see under)!

Eric’s remaining kintsugi outcome.

Strategies:

  1. Superglue your pot again collectively.
  2. Clear extra superglue off with acetone. This removes residue that
    in any other case dries a white coloration (see under) which may very well be
    distracting.
  3. As soon as the glue has dried, apply a gold/silver sharpie alongside the crack
    traces of the restore.
That is what the dried tremendous glue residue appears to be like like that should
be wiped off with acetone if there may be an excessive amount of extra.
Supply

Supplies:

Execs: 

        I hadn’t
heard of anybody suggesting utilizing these two substances earlier than, however one can
actually see how this is able to be the best and quickest repair! As a result of the
supplies are so commonplace, any variety of shops in your native space will
have them accessible all underneath one roof for an reasonably priced worth (assume arts
shops, {hardware} shops, and so on.). Additionally, as a result of brief set time of
superglue, an emergency kintsugi may very well be put collectively in a single night,
though permitting for thorough drying might be greatest earlier than making use of the
gold line. Along with simplicity & pace, this methodology can produce
surprisingly stunning outcomes. Even on nearer inspection, the road made
by the oil sharpie is comparatively clear.

Closeup view of Eric’s restore.

Cons:

        Though this methodology produced nice outcomes when considered
from afar (as one would usually view it in bonsai shows) and
surprisingly first rate outcomes when considered up shut, the crack stays
barely seen, whereas the opposite strategies that comply with ought to
fully disguise the crack. The superglue technique can even not work
for any pot that has giant gaps or chips lacking, nonetheless, the
subsequent strategies might overcome these points.

        One other concern I had was that the
coloration of the gold sharpie could fade with time. This actually depends upon
what materials is within the sharpie ink as natural pigments are
notably prone to solar bleaching, nonetheless, metal-based
pigments are extra resistant assuming they aren’t prone to rust.
Nevertheless, even when the pigment wears off, for this methodology it might be
fast and simple to reapply it.

        Lastly, my solely different concern with this
methodology is the sturdiness of the superglue. That is one thing which will
range with the precise kind of glue you utilize so learn the product labels
fastidiously. Bonsai pots in use are uncovered to a wide range of snow-frozen
and sun-heated temperatures all year long along with the
passage of water and inner strain from increasing roots. Though
Eric’s pot has held up since he made it, he says he doesn’t intend to make use of it exterior of reveals, therefore why he selected this fast methodology. Nevertheless, BonsaiNut person
ConnorDash (the proprietor of the textured pot proven above) reported that his
superglued pot began to come back aside inside its first 12 months of use. This
could have been on account of superglue’s common weaker resistance to shear
stress than epoxies have (supply). Do that methodology whether it is handy to you, however bear this concern in
thoughts. The remaining strategies under are all based mostly on epoxies.


Bonsai Nut person Ollie’s remaining outcome from this methodology.
Supply

Strategies:

  1. Calmly sand damaged edges (makes gold have more room to fill – stand
    out extra; elective).
  2. Combine epoxy with gold mica powder (solely want a pair pinches of
    powder)
  3. Await the epoxy to get cheesy earlier than making use of (30 min for Araldite or
    instantly for quicker-setting epoxies)
    1. Apply with a disposable instrument akin to a tongue depressor,
      toothpick, or low-cost fine-tipped brush

Supplies:

  • Est value – $13.97-$21.98 whole

Execs

        The principle benefit of this methodology is that it glues items,
fills small voids, hides the crack proof, and creates the gold impact
all on the similar time, whereas different subsequent strategies are extra concerned
and take extra days of curing/drying. On this comparatively fast 1 Step
course of, the one factor that can sluggish you down is what number of items you
have to attach collectively. These epoxies do greatest with at the least an in a single day
remedy earlier than the restore is steady sufficient to construct extra items
onto.

        Accompanying this relative pace is the technical
accessibility of the method and its cheap nature – anybody can do
this methodology. Concerning worth, if a extra genuine restore is most popular,
the 
gold mica powder may be substituted for actual gold mud, though the
distinction could also be exhausting to inform.

        A remaining good thing about this methodology is the
sturdiness of the restore. Though these instance pots had been accomplished
comparatively not too long ago, each have survived day-to-day use containing crops for
about 1 12 months now. Within the case of
Bonsai Echo, his pot has even survived Seattle’s zone 8 winter and the latest
120
°F summer time heatwave. This can be advantageous relative to the Superglue Methodology, however a bigger pattern measurement over an extended time interval is required.

Cons

        Regardless of the simplicity of this primary epoxy methodology, it
does have some limitations. Firstly, as a result of it’s designed as a 2-in-1
Step methodology, the artist has much less management over the ultimate product of the
gold line. It’s depending on how a lot epoxy is utilized to the crack and
how a lot void must be stuffed. One can try to use kind of
epoxy to generate thicker gold traces, nonetheless, it could take some
experimentation to seek out the best quantity to your aesthetic. The under
picture from BonsaiNut person Ollie reveals how this may play out particularly
in the event you apply inconsistent quantities of epoxy over the road of the crack
(see some areas had extra epoxy pushed out than others). Ollie
particularly urged I emphasize that making use of much less epoxy may result
in a thinner line, which is preferable to some.

An excessive amount of epoxy can result in irregular line measurement. Supply

        Conversely, if
not sufficient epoxy is used or an space had a bigger hole than others, then the
epoxy could not fill the void fully and a few should be fastidiously
reapplied to mix that part into the opposite restore areas (see under,
additionally from BonsaiNut’s Ollie).

Too little epoxy can result in gaps within the cracks that can must be
touched up. Supply

            As well as, like with the gold sharpie from the Superglue Methodology, it is not clear how the epoxy or mica powder will maintain up with age
with respect to their coloration. If the clear epoxy turns into discolored or if
the mica powder turns into tarnished over time, the colour of the mend will
change as effectively As bonsai artists, we’ve got to assume a long time down the street,
so it is a wait-and-see kind of problem. Nevertheless, if it does turn out to be an
problem, gold powder may very well be a comparatively simple substitution 
for mica powder for future repairs.

        Lastly, this 2-in-1 Step methodology has a major limitation within the case of extra significantly shattered pottery. If a
piece is broken past restore or lacking, 
epoxy putty can create replacements for lacking items. Nevertheless, this
2-in-1 Step methodology will be unable to create a gold line across the fringe of
that changed piece. The gold should be painted on after the epoxy
putty dries (see subsequent protocol). *Replace* per my subsequent article centered on this methodology, my up to date 2-in-1 Step Protocol can change small-medium lacking items and change them solely with the gold epoxy.

        Subsequent up on our spherical the web Kintsugi comparability comes
the product of BonsaiNut discussion board person
Gabler. He did us a favor by experimenting for a number of rounds on cheap
pottery earlier than finishing the restore on his extra beneficial pot (see
under). 
BonsaiNut Gabler’s remaining product after a number of rounds of
experimentation.
Supply

Strategies:

        Gabler
extensively documented his strategies via pictures, so I’ll share these
along with the written directions.

Briefly put,

  1. Apply PC-7 epoxy to damaged items. Gabler reported JB Weld and JB Kwiek
    mends got here aside in his Zone 7 winters, though Bonsai Echo reported no
    points (once more, small pattern measurement).
    1. Can glue just a few items at a time by holding issues along with
      painter’s tape.
  2. As soon as the epoxy dries, scrape off extra with a tough knife
  3. If a bit is lacking or broken past restore, use Do It Greatest model
    epoxy putty to fill giant voids. Gabler stories that JB Weld putty caught
    to his arms greater than to the ceramic.
  4. Lastly, use a high-grade gold-colored metallic paint together with a tiny
    brush to use the gold line to the epoxy-filled cracks.

Supplies:

  • Est value – $21.35 whole (omitting elective merchandise)

Execs:

        The first benefits of this methodology relate to regulate
over the gold line. By making use of the gold individually after the pot is
fully mended collectively, variation of the thickness of the gold line
over the cracks is lowered relative to the 2-In-1 Step Methodology which
is tougher to regulate. Additionally, utilizing a fine-tipped paintbrush may give a
thinner gold line with cleaner edges when inspected up shut than one
may see from the gold Sharpie within the Superglue Methodology. Moreover, the
use of high-quality gold paint appears to lead to a brighter, extra
lustrous gold end than both of the earlier strategies. It stays to be
seen whether or not substitution of actual gold mud for mica powder would match
this outcome when the gold mud is blended with epoxy within the 2-In-1 Step Methodology
Lastly, on the gold dialogue, this methodology can enable for straightforward creation of
a gold line alongside items which might be changed by epoxy putty, in contrast to the
2-In-1 Step Methodology.

        Along with the standard benefits, on a sensible
degree, this methodology shouldn’t be as concerned as the 2 strategies that can comply with.
Additionally from a sensible degree, making use of the gold individually opens up the
selection of extra epoxies if you have already got some readily available or wish to discover
whether or not extra sturdy choices exist than within the clear-drying realm.

Cons:

        The principle drawback of this methodology is that it’s
lacking a step to backfill the crack traces for a easy end. This will
outcome within the cracks being very obvious upon shut inspection. Our
remaining methodology will tackle an answer for this. Although, as with a few of
the earlier strategies, when viewing from afar, this isn’t a serious
problem.

        Additionally, scraping away extra glue might not be a
simple activity if the crack is on a textured space of the pot (see
subsequent methodology’s instance).

        Lastly, this methodology requires extra ready to execute
than both the Superglue Methodology or the 2-in Step strategies. This may be
a sensible consideration for individuals who are in a rush, but when the
high quality of the restore is essential to you and you’ll spend many
years it, it could be value investing extra time into
it.  You will should determine for your self.


        This
methodology is similar to the
3 Step Methodology in that the gold is utilized
individually from the epoxy, nonetheless right here BonsaiNut person
ABCarve
selected to use actual gold leaf on prime of a skinny varnish line reasonably than
use gold paint.


Strategies:

        As with
Gabler’s 3 Step Methodology, ABCarve has detailed his course of via photos
for us. Sadly, that they had the foot of a really distinctive pot fall off.
Because the restore is in a textured area of the pot, the elimination of the
extra glue is extra concerned.


Once more, briefly put…

  1. Calmly sand edges (elective – for a thicker line to indicate)
  2. Epoxy
  3. Scrape extra
  4. Varnish
  5. Press slim strips of gold leaf into the crack
  6. Wipe away extra with a tender brush

Supplies:

Notice: Whereas usually I make no endorsements of the businesses in
this text, on this case, ABCarve particularly urged I plug
GoldenLeafProducts.com. This
is the place they acquired their gold leaf from. Golden Leaf Merchandise additionally has a
number of gilding instruments together with brushes adhesives, and various
metals that can be utilized. The place doable on this specific supplies
part, I’ve linked to their gadgets.

Execs:

        As within the earlier 3 Step Methodology, this methodology affords
nice management (when it comes to thickness and close-up decision of the
line) of the gold spotlight. Additionally, using actual gold leaf makes the
luster of the restore shine brighter right here than any methodology we have seen so
far (see under).

Completed outcome!

Cons:

        Additionally just like the 3 Step Methodology, this methodology has
the identical quantity of general wait time and the identical concern about
scraping extra epoxy off of texture pots stays a problem.
ABCarve’s tutorial reveals simply how demanding that may be to keep away from
damaging the pot within the course of.

        Lastly, this methodology is essentially the most
costly to date and you’re much less doubtless to have the ability to discover all of
these substances at your native craft shops.



Strategies:

  1. Prepare items in a field with sand or small bonsai soil.
    This can maintain them upright whereas they set.
  2. Combine, apply PC-Clear 4 minutes epoxy with a
    toothpick.
  3. After setting a number of hours, use an Exacto knife blade to
    take away extra epoxy.
    1. If allowed to set for quite a lot of hours, gently
      warming the surplus epoxy with a blow torch could make
      elimination simpler (elective).
  4. Apply PC-11 A/B to fill gaps left in cracks. Press into/rub
    across the cracks with a material.
    1. Heat PC-11 with a wax hotter to make it simpler to work
      with (elective).
  5. Wipe away extra PC-11 with 91% isopropyl alcohol on a material
    rag lower than 20 minutes after making use of.
  6. Apply lacquer or gild measurement with a mid/fine-tipped brush.
  7. Pour a small quantity of gold mud (or mica powder substitute)
    right into a folded piece of paper. This can be used to use the
    gold to the lacquer and decrease waste. 
  8. Press gold mud into lacquer with a tender brush.
  9. Use a tougher brush to take away unattached gold powder.
  10. Lastly, use a tender material to varnish the restore line (push
    the gold additional into the lacquer).

Supplies:

Execs:

        As you may count on
from a ceramic restore specialty store, their strategies
produce the very best high quality end.

Cons:

        Though the
end is extremely skilled, the protocols
Lakeside shares on-line are considerably extra
sophisticated than a number of the early ones I
summarized at the moment. Accompanying these further
steps are further provides which might be wanted and
subsequently further value to you as effectively in the event you
intend to repeat their strategies.

A Fast Information for contemplating which protocol
chances are you’ll wish to pursue.

Protocol

Estimated Price

# Provides

Execs

Cons

Conventional Kintsugi Utilizing Pure Merchandise

$37.27

Copal resin
(or different),

Shellac (or
different clear pure lacquer),

200 proof
ethanol,

& Gold powder
(or substitute)

Closest to the standard methodology.

Troublesome to
supply substances.

Much less
simple to work with.

Very sluggish set
instances.

Sturdiness is
unsure, particularly with substitute tree resins except for conventional
Urushi.

 

Fast 2-Step: Superglue & Oil Sharpie

$16.17

Superglue,

Acetone,

Rag,

& Gold
sharpie

Quickest.

Provides frequent & simple to seek out.

Can work with
items changed by epoxy putty.

 

High-quality element missing
(cracks not completely hidden).

Much less sturdy?

2-In-1 Step: Oozing Coloured Epoxy

$13.97-$21.98

Clear epoxy,

Gold mica
powder or gold mud,

& Disposables
for mixing/making use of epoxy

Fast.

Sturdy.

Easy protocol for newbies.

Can fill in small-medium lacking items.

Crack
spotlight may be uneven.

Can’t be
utilized to items changed by epoxy putty.

 

3 Step: Mend, Scrape, & Paint

$21.35

Epoxy,

Disposables
for mixing/making use of epoxy,

Metallic gold
paint,

& Skinny
brush

 

 

Extra lustrous end.

Excessive diploma of management for crack
spotlight.

Can work with
items changed by epoxy putty.

Extra wait
steps.

High-quality element
nonetheless missing (cracks not completely blended in).

Scraping
extra epoxy is tougher with textured pots.

4 Step: Mend, Scrape, Lacquer, & Gild

$44.98

Epoxy,

Disposables
for mixing/making use of epoxy,

Exacto knife,

Skinny brush,

Varnish or gild
measurement,

Gold leaf or
mud,

& Smooth
brush

Most lustrous end.

Excessive diploma of management on crack
spotlight.

Can work with
items changed by epoxy putty.

Extra wait
steps.

Extra
costly.

Provides could
be tougher to trace down domestically.

Scraping
extra epoxy is tougher with textured pots.

Skilled 5 Step: Mend, Scrape, Fill, Lacquer, & Gild

$58.21

Epoxy,

Disposables
for mixing/making use of epoxy,

Exacto knife,

PC-11,

91% isopropyl
alcohol,

Rag,

Skinny brush,

Lacquer or
gild measurement,

Gold or mica
mud,

Scrap paper,

Tougher brush,

& Smooth
material

Extremely lustrous end.

Excessive diploma of management on gold line.

Crack restore turns into degree with pot
floor.

Can work with
items changed by epoxy putty.

 

Most wait
steps.

Most
costly.

Provides could
be tougher to trace down domestically.

Scraping
extra epoxy is tougher with textured pots.

Damaged pot planting examples from once I visited Bonsai Echo’s backyard in
2019. Extra examples accessible
right here.


  1. Take a look at my
    Earlier than & After Portfolio! I’ve added some new gifs of labor that I had performed throughout my
    apprenticeship at Elandan Gardens.
  2. My Gross sales web page has
    additionally been up to date.
    Now is an ideal time to start out getting ready to cold-stratify seeds,
    so take a look at my new seed inventory for 2022! As all the time, all gross sales include
    my 10-Yr Bonsai From Seed Information.
  3. As all the time,
    submit your bushes at no cost critique or recommendation right here. I would like new bushes for the following Bonsai Buds episode (coming January 2022)!
  4. The Columbus Bonsai Society has a brand new web site! When you’re within the space, test it out and test us out.
    The following assembly on safely winterizing bushes can be November twenty first.


Large due to all of the bonsai sources who allowed me to breed their
photographs and protocols and shared their very own ideas for this comparative
evaluate!

————————————————————————————————————-

ABCarve. (n.d.). Kintsugi for newbies | Bonsai Nut [Forum].
Bonsai Nut. Retrieved October 26, 2021, from
https://www.bonsainut.com/threads/kintsugi-for-beginners.38117/

Bonsai Echo. (2020, January 3).
Non Meals Secure, Kintsugi-Derived Restore Utilizing Epoxy and Fake Gold On a
Damaged Bonsai Pot
.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RHIVFPF-Sj4

ConnorDash. (n.d.). Kintsugi: UPS Smashed My Model New Pot [Forum].
Bonsai Nut. Retrieved October 26, 2021, from
https://www.bonsainut.com/threads/kintsugi-ups-smashed-my-brand-new-pot.46953/

Daderot. (2014).
English: Exhibit within the Ethnological Museum, Berlin, Germany.
Pictures was permitted within the museum with out restriction.

Personal work.
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tea_bowl,_Korea,_Joseon_dynasty,_16th_century_AD,_Mishima-hakeme_type,_buncheong_ware,_stoneware_with_white_engobe_and_translucent,_greenish-gray_glaze,_gold_lacquer_-_Ethnological_Museum,_Berlin_-_DSC02061.JPG

File:Tea bowl, Korea, Joseon dynasty, Sixteenth century AD, Mishima-hakeme
kind, buncheong ware, stoneware with white engobe and translucent,
greenish-gray glaze, gold lacquer—Ethnological Museum,
Berlin—DSC02061.JPG – Wikimedia Commons
. (n.d.). Retrieved October 26, 2021, from
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tea_bowl,_Korea,_Joseon_dynasty,_16th_century_AD,_Mishima-hakeme_type,_buncheong_ware,_stoneware_with_white_engobe_and_translucent,_greenish-gray_glaze,_gold_lacquer_-_Ethnological_Museum,_Berlin_-_DSC02061.JPG

Gabler. (n.d.).
Kintsugi: UPS Smashed My Model New Pot | Bonsai Nut [Forum]. Bonsai
Nut. Retrieved October 26, 2021, from
https://www.bonsainut.com/threads/kintsugi-ups-smashed-my-brand-new-pot.46953/#post-808777

Golden Leaf Merchandise, Gold Leaf, Gilding Instruments and Provides.
(n.d.). Retrieved October 26, 2021, from
https://www.goldenleafproducts.com/

japanesepots. (2014, February 27). Kintsugi.
Japanese Bonsai Pots Weblog.
https://japanesebonsaipots.internet/2014/02/27/kintsugi/

Lakeside Pottery. (n.d.-a).
Ceramic, Porcelain, Sculpture, Pottery Restore and Restoration The way to. Lakeside Pottery. Retrieved October 26, 2021, from
https://lakesidepottery.com/Pages/Repairing-restoring-ceramic-porcelain-china-pottery-lessons-tutorials.html

Lakeside Pottery. (n.d.-b).
Epoxy or Tremendous Glue for Ceramic, Sculpture or China Restore.
Lakeside Pottery. Retrieved October 26, 2021, from
https://lakesidepottery.com/Pages/Pottery-tips/epoxies-vs-cyanoacrylate-super-glue-crazy-glue-ceramic-china-repair.htm

Lakeside Pottery. (2018, January 12).
Kintsugi Restore, Study How Is It Made? Supplies Used Course of
Directions
.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MMugGpEiAP8

Lakeside Pottery. (2021, March 7).
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