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Find out how to Develop and Care For Velvet Leaf

Kalanchoe Beharensis is an evergreen shrub that’s generally recognized by the names Velvet Leaf Plant, Elephant’s Ears Kalanchoe, Teddy Bear, and Napoleon’s Hat. These names all stem from the feel and normal form of the leaves.

It’s a succulent perennial that’s hardy in zones 10-12 and is elsewhere saved predominantly as a houseplant.

Should you’ve determined that you just’d like so as to add a low-maintenance succulent plant to your indoor or out of doors backyard, the Velvet Leaf plant is a wonderful choice.

Let’s take a look at every part that you must find out about this spectacular succulent, together with it’s upkeep and care wants.

Fast Care Information

Plant Kind:
3’-5’ tall in cultivation,
bigger in nature
Spring and Summer time
Plant Spacing:
Plant with:
Aphids, Mealybugs,
Spider Mites
Hardiness Zone:
10-12 (Houseplants elsewhere)
Planting Depth:
Floor Degree
Watering Wants:
Full Solar to Half Shade
Soil Kind:
Effectively Draining, Sandy
Full Solar, Partial Solar
Root Rot
Native Space:
Hummingbirds, bees,
butterflies, birds

About Kalanchoe Beharensis

Close-up of a Kalanchoe beharensis plant in a sunny garden against a pinkish fence. This succulent has a tall, thick trunk, at the top of which a rosette of large, wide, pale green, velvety leaves with serrated edges forms.
Kalanchoe Beharensis is a big succulent shrub recognized for its texturally fascinating leaves.

Beharensis is a texturally fascinating species of Kalanchoe, which will get its identify from its native area of Behara. That is positioned on the southern finish of the island of Madagascar, the place many species of Kalanchoe are native and endemic.

Beharensis is among the largest species of Kalanchoe, rising as tall as 15’-20’ tall within the wild. The place most Kalanchoe are small flowering vegetation, Beharensis is taken into account a small tree, as it could develop fairly giant and has a woody trunk. It has a shrublike form, with a local unfold of as much as 12’.

These vegetation develop fairly a substantial quantity bigger than many of the kalanchoe species. They’re gradual growers, nonetheless, and out of doors of their native zones, they are going to be a significantly smaller, extra manageable plant.

Retaining beharensis in a container will assist to inhibit its progress, making it extra appropriate as a houseplant.


Close-up of a Kalanchoe beharensis plant in a garden. This succulent plant has a rosette of large, oblong, somewhat triangular, silvery-green leaves with serrated and slightly lobed margins.
Kalanchoe, together with the favored Blossfeldiana selection, is a member of the Stonecrop household.

Kalanchoe Beharensis is classed as a part of the genus Kalanchoe within the Crassulaceae household of vegetation, which is usually often known as the Stonecrop household. Among the extra floriferous varieties are highly regarded for his or her long-lasting, brightly coloured clusters of flowers.

The preferred number of Kalanchoe, Blossfeldiana, may be discovered readily in nurseries and even in grocery shops, significantly within the winter throughout its blooming season. Kalanchoe vegetation are very tolerant of warmth and solar, and so they can flower for an extended time period. 

Practically all species of Kalanchoe are flowering vegetation. Though they aren’t all recognized for this attribute, a lot of them is not going to bloom if saved as houseplants.

Beharensis shouldn’t be recognized for doing a lot flowering in captivity, however it does produce flowers in nature and is able to producing them if given the precise situations.

Retaining Beharensis outside for a good portion of the yr will make for the happiest plant. These vegetation are solar and warmth lovers and may tolerate fairly a little bit of neglect. Like most succulents, a good quantity of neglect is definitely essential to maintain them wholesome.

Leaf Formation

Close-up of leaves of Kalanchoe beharensis against a blurred garden background. The leaves are large, oblong, wide, velvety, with slightly serrated edges, pale green.
Beharensis is finest recognized for its velvety-textured, olive-green leaves.

Beharensis is finest recognized for its leaves, because the nickname Velvet Leaf Plant would point out. The leaves of this plant are sometimes olive inexperienced, and so they blush with a faint reddish-brown shade when fortunately pressured by a number of daylight. They’ve a triangular form, and so they develop in pairs at proper angles to 1 one other.

The distinguishing attribute of those leaves is their texture. A wonderful, pale velvet coats the lanceolate leaves on prime and backside.

This coating is a solar protectant, making Beharensis exceptionally tolerant of full solar publicity, though it may be completely completely satisfied in partial shade or shiny, oblique daylight.

The margins of the velvety leaves are ruffled, including a delicacy to their look. They develop on tall, slender, knotted stems, as much as 5’ tall in captivity. Some varieties and hybrid forms of Beharensis could have variegated leaves, and a few have darker margins. There are many potentialities from these fairly vegetation.


Close-up of Kalanchoe Beharensis flowers on a black background. Kalanchoe beharensis produces small, tubular, bell-shaped flowers that are yellowish green with purple veins.
Beharensis normally doesn’t flower when grown indoors however will produce enticing flowers outside in zones 10-12.

When this succulent is saved indoors as a houseplant, Beharensis hardly ever produces flowers. This can be a results of lighting situations and temperature shifts, which trigger the plant to provoke the method of setting buds. Nevertheless, there are usually methods to induce the method if you’ll be able to maintain the plant outside for a good portion of the yr.

When grown outside in zones 10-12, Beharensis will produce flowers which are enticing to pollinators in addition to nectar-loving birds.

The blooming season for these vegetation in spring and summer season, when they may ship up giant, branching inflorescences. These branches maintain many small urn-shaped blooms which are sometimes an orange shade and sometimes have a greenish tint.


Kalanchoes are sometimes a simple group of vegetation to propagate. In actual fact, most of them do it themselves regularly. There are three easy methods to propagate this plant.

The distinction between them is how lengthy it takes to get a ensuing mature plant. One technique ensures a plant that produces new leaves nearly instantly. Different strategies require some persistence.

From Offsets

Close-up of Kalanchoe Beharensis Drake Offsets in black plastic pots in full sun. Plants form rosettes of oblong velvety leaves of gray-green and copper hues. The leaves have serrated edges and deep grooves that give them a characteristic texture.
Kalanchoe Beharensis recurrently produces offsets that may be planted individually in their very own container.

Kalanchoe Beharensis recurrently sends out offsets, or child vegetation, from the bottom of the guardian plant. These offsets may be left intact, which can lead to a clustering impact, with many vegetation rising collectively in a clump. They may also be eliminated and planted in their very own area or container if you need to make use of these to propagate and produce extra vegetation.

That is the simplest technique of propagating these vegetation. The offset is already technically its personal separate unit and can develop its personal root system fairly shortly as soon as faraway from the guardian plant.

Eradicating offsets must be carried out in spring and never whereas the plant is in bloom. Minimize the offset away from the guardian plant on the root degree, enable the top to treatment for a day or two, after which plant in moist potting soil.

From Cuttings

Closeup of Kalanchoe Beharensis cutting in a pot. The plant has a short stem and three small, round, silver-green leaves covered with many fine white hairs, creating a velvety texture.
Propagating Beharensis by leaf cuttings takes longer than offset propagation.

Though it would take a bit longer to get a mature plant, it’s completely attainable to propagate a Beharensis by leaf cuttings. The method is similar to that of propagating by offset. It simply takes slightly longer for the reducing to root after which produce further leaves.

Take your cuttings in spring when the plant is actively rising however not in bloom. Let the lower leaves treatment for a day or two, after which plant them, lower aspect down in moist potting soil. Rooting hormone may help to kickstart progress. Attempt to lower the leaf as near the central stem as attainable for the perfect outcome.

From Seed

Top view, close-up of germinated seeds of a Kalanchoe plant in a pot of potting soil, on a white background. The sprouts are small, have small rosettes of oval dark green leaves with scalloped edges.
Rising Kalanchoe from seed is an effective possibility for producing a bigger variety of vegetation.

Kalanchoe grows fairly effectively from seed as effectively. Whereas this additionally will take a while earlier than you will have a mature plant, that is the easiest way to provide a bigger variety of vegetation. 

Kalanchoe seeds germinate shortly, which has some bearing on the container used. Should you don’t need the trouble of repotting earlier than your Kalanchoe are able to go within the floor or their closing container, seed trays generally is a bit inhibiting. Sowing Kalanchoe seeds immediately right into a small pot will outcome within the least quantity of labor.

Kalanchoe likes a porous potting combine, so combining 25% potting combine with 75% of one other mineral, perlite, vermiculite, or sand all work effectively. Water the potting medium and permit it to empty, then place seeds on prime of the soil. Very gently press the seeds into the soil, solely barely. They don’t must be buried deeply.

Overlaying the pot with plastic wrap is useful for sustaining moisture and humidity. Preserve the pot in keen on full shade till the seeds germinate, after which step by step introduce it to a sunnier spot. As soon as your seedlings are used to getting not less than half solar, transplant them and deal with them as any succulent.

Rising Kalanchoe Beharensis

Kalanchoe are splendidly straightforward and low-maintenance vegetation to develop. Offering them with the precise surroundings will make sure the well being and attractiveness of your plant.

Planting Depth and Potting Wants

Close-up of several Kalanchoe beharensis plants in brown pots. The succulent forms rosettes of elongated, slightly bent inward grey-green leaves with a velvety texture, with serrated edges.
For finest outcomes, plant Kalanchoe in succulent/cactus potting soil with good drainage.

Kalanchoes are succulent vegetation, and as such, they do finest in succulent/cactus potting mediums. These potting soils will sometimes have coarser particles which permit for optimum drainage.

Drainage is essential when potting a succulent, as they rot shortly if their roots sit in soggy soil. Succulent potting mixes are commercially obtainable, however you can also make your personal by mixing in sand, perlite, or different bigger particles that assist with correct drainage.

Beharensis doesn’t must be planted deeply. It can do effectively if planted slightly below the floor of the encompassing soil. Dig a gap that’s as deep as the foundation ball and simply huge sufficient to situate the plant within the container. Then fill in across the plant with potting medium and water deeply.

If you’re potting cuttings, make a small gap within the potting combine along with your finger and set the leaf reducing stem aspect down within the gap. Press the potting combination across the reducing to safe it in place.


Top view, close-up of the leaves of the Kalanchoe beharensis plant in a sunny garden. The leaves are large, pale green, velvety, triangular in shape, slightly cupped, with serrated edges.
Beharensis kalanchoe can tolerate full solar because of the velvet hairs on its leaves, which act as a sunscreen.

Kalanchoe like shiny gentle normally, however not all species respect full direct daylight. Beharensis likes all the sunshine. The velvety hairs that cowl the leaves of this plant act as a sort of sunscreen.

Ensure to offer sufficient daylight as outlined on this video.

They assist to filter the sunshine and forestall the leaves from burning, so that you may give this plant loads of solar, and it is going to be fairly content material.

Whereas these vegetation like and may tolerate full solar, they’re additionally surprisingly adaptable to decrease gentle situations. Shiny oblique gentle is completely wonderful for many kalanchoe species, and Beharensis is not any exception. If you wish to boost your plant’s colours a bit, attempt extra solar. Should you choose to convey out the cool tones, extra shade.


Close-up of a Kalanchoe beharensis plant covered in water drops The leaves are large, with tapering tips, silvery green in color with a velvety texture.
To keep away from root rot, kalanchoe must be watered totally, with sufficient time to empty and dry out earlier than the following watering.

Kalanchoes are succulents and must be watered that approach. Historically, that implies that they like a superb drenching, with sufficient time for his or her roots to soak up a number of water. After which, they like to empty fully and dry out earlier than the following watering.

If watered too regularly, kalanchoe runs the danger of rotting roots. Their roots are made to soak up water when it’s obtainable. If there’s an excessive amount of water, the roots will saturate and start to interrupt down and deteriorate from being waterlogged. This makes them extra weak to micro organism and fungi.

The container and placement of your plant will dictate how typically to water. In a pot with wonderful drainage and many gentle, chances are you’ll be watering as soon as per week.

If the container holds extra moisture or isn’t getting as a lot daylight, restrict watering to solely when the soil is dry for the highest 2”. Outside, kalanchoe may be watered each 3-4 days so long as the container drains fully between waterings.

Local weather and Temperature

Close-up of a Kalanchoe beharensis plant in a garden. The plant forms a rosette of large elongated lobed silver-green leaves with pointed edges.
Beharensis is native to Madagascar and prefers constant temperatures between 73-90°F.

Beharensis is native to the island of Madagascar. Whereas the local weather varies on the island when it comes to elevation and rainfall, the temperatures are comparatively constant and vary between 73°-90°F. Typically, room temperature is okay for kalanchoes so long as they get sufficient gentle and airflow.

If Beharensis doesn’t get sufficient gentle, there’s little to no likelihood of it blooming. Shifting them outside throughout the hotter months will make them completely satisfied. I stay in a damp a part of zone 8, and I go away most of my Kalanchoes exterior, beneath cowl, except the temperature goes to drop under 30°, and I’ve but to kill one totally.

Even the Kalanchoe I’ve forgotten and allowed to freeze merely lose their leaves, and by the following summer season, they develop proper again. That is nice for potted kalanchoe; nonetheless, they don’t create many as offsets this fashion, and I don’t see many flowers both.


Close-up of a Kalanchoe beharensis plant in a sunny garden. The plant has large, elongated pale green leaves with a velvety texture and jagged and broken edges.
Beharensis may be fertilized each few months with a balanced, all-purpose, or cacti/succulent fertilizer.

Throughout fall and winter, Beharensis, and all kalanchoe, for that matter, don’t have any want for fertilizer. They take in little or no water throughout this time, so fertilizer can be wasted on them. In the course of the rising season, you may fertilize each few months. 2-3 occasions per yr must be loads.

A balanced, all-purpose fertilizer or a fertilizer made for cacti and succulents are each good choices. If utilizing an all-purpose fertilizer, dilute by half. Kalanchoe are good at using vitamins, so should you overlook to fertilize, don’t fear an excessive amount of.

Pruning and Upkeep

Close-up of three tall Kalanchoe beharensis plants in a potted garden with a wooden fence in the background. The plant has a high dense trunk and a beautiful lush rosette of elongated, wide, velvety leaves, silver-green leaves with wavy edges.
Kalanchoe requires minimal pruning and care apart from the elimination of lifeless foliage.

Kalanchoe, normally, and Beharensis, specifically, want little or no pruning and are very low upkeep. Apart from pruning to take care of a most popular form and measurement, it’s actually not essential to prune this plant.

Eradicating lifeless or unhealthy-looking foliage is useful to the plant normally. This helps the plant to redirect power and vitamins into new progress.

In case your plant seems spindly, you may trim it all the way down to one of many giant leaves within the spring. This can encourage your Beharensis to thicken up and fill in a bit. Leaves that want to come back off as a result of they’re lifeless or unhealthy can merely be pinched off.


Close-up of Kalanchoe beharensis leaves against a blurred background. The leaves are large, pale green, velvety, covered with small white hairs, with slightly wavy and jagged edges.
Kalanchoe is poisonous to people and animals and may trigger hurt if ingested.

All species of kalanchoe are cardiotoxic to people and animals. They’ve been often known as the perpetrator in killing off livestock in occasions of meals shortage. It would be best to maintain this plant out of the attain of animals that wish to snack on vegetation, in addition to young children.

Well-liked Varieties

There are a number of common forms of Beharensis, and all are adaptable to quite a lot of dwelling situations. Let’s take a look at a number of the hottest choices you’ll come throughout.


Close-up of a young plant Kalanchoe beharensis 'Fang' in a pot on a sunny windowsill. The leaves of Kalanchoe are large, elongated, triangular in shape, with serrated edges resembling fangs, and are covered with soft, velvety hairs, giving them a greyish-green appearance.
This selection is understood for its giant, bronze-colored leaves with small fang-like protuberances on the undersides

Scientific Identify: Kalanchoe beharensis ‘Fang’

  • Bloom Time: Spring-Summer time
  • Geographical Location: Madagascar
  • Solar Publicity: Full Solar to Half Shade
  • Plant Zone: 9-12

Fang is among the hottest forms of this species. This one is a winner of the Award of Backyard Benefit from the Royal Horticultural Society. Fang has giant (4”) leaves which are bronze on the highest and a silvery inexperienced beneath. The underside additionally options many small fang-like protuberances, which is the place it will get its identify.

This makes a stunning container plant and as numerous textural curiosity with its fangs, coloration, and velvety masking. It mixes effectively with different forms of succulents and provides a enjoyable ingredient to a rock backyard.

Oak Leaf

Top view, close-up of Kalanchoe beharensis ‘Oak Leaf’ plant against blurred background. The leaves are large and thick, with a pronounced oak leaf shape and deep, serrated lobes. The leaves are covered with a soft, velvety texture, giving them a unique look and feel.
Oak leaf is a smaller model of Beharensis and is good for indoor planting due to its measurement.

Scientific Identify: Kalanchoe beharensis ‘Oak Leaf’

  • Bloom Time: Spring-Summer time
  • Geographical Location: Madagascar
  • Solar Publicity: Full Solar to Half Shade
  • Plant Zone: 9-12

Oak leaf is a dwarf model of Beharensis, which makes it nice as an indoor plant as a result of it is not going to outgrow its area as shortly as a full-sized selection. This selection grows to about 2’-3’ tall on the most. It’s pale inexperienced shade fades to a grayish silver-tone with shiny solar publicity and deepens with extra shade.

Should you’re in a position to encourage this selection to bloom, it’s fairly enticing. It produces coral-colored flowers which enhance its pale inexperienced leaves fantastically.

Brown Dwarf

Close-up of Kalanchoe beharensis 'Brown Dwarf' in a small plastic pot against a white background. It is a dwarf variety, with deeply dissected leaves with twisted edges and covered with soft brown velvet.
Brown Dwarf has smooth brown velvet and deeply bisected leaves.

Scientific Identify: Kalanchoe beharensis ‘Brown Dwarf’

  • Bloom Time: Spring-Summer time
  • Geographical Location: Madagascar
  • Solar Publicity: Full Solar to Half Shade
  • Plant Zone: 9-12

That is one other dwarf selection that’s excellent for container gardening. Referred to as Brown Dwarf, this selection has smooth brown velvet versus the standard silver velvet of most varieties. Also referred to as Nana, Brown Dwarf has very fascinating leaves, they’re deeply bisected with contorted margins.

The rosettes are small on this selection, at 6” or smaller, which is far smaller than the full-sized tree, like Beharensis varieties.

Pests and Illnesses

There are a handful of issues to be careful for when it comes to sustaining the well being of your Beharensis and defending in opposition to pests and ailments. Kalanchoe have juicy leaves that sap-sucking bugs discover significantly interesting.


Close-up of an aphid swarm on Kalanchoe leaves. Aphids are tiny soft-bodied green insects with thin legs and proboscises, with which they suck the juices from plants.
Aphids can injury kalanchoe vegetation by consuming their sap and abandoning a sticky substance referred to as honeydew.

Aphids are a typical sort of insect which are present in most gardens. Outside, they’re normally managed by predatory bugs like ladybugs and wasps, however indoors they will make an actual mess out of a juicy succulent plant.

Aphids eat plant sap and go away behind a sticky excrement referred to as honeydew, each of which may be elements within the destruction of a kalanchoe.

Aphids can have wings or be wingless, and so they can sometimes be taken care of with out harsh pesticides. Neem oil works effectively, or just setting your plant exterior for a couple of days and permitting nature’s pest management brokers to come back in and have a snack.

Should you discover curling and yellowing of leaves, test beneath the leaves for these little guys. One other signal of aphids is mould which grows on account of their excrement. This may be wiped off with a smooth, damp material.


Close-up of a mealybug leaf on a green stem against a green background. Mealybugs are small, soft-bodied insects that have a white, cottony, or mealy appearance.
Mealybugs drain vegetation of vitamins, inflicting stunted progress and shriveled leaves.

These little pests can do a substantial quantity of injury to a kalanchoe. They’re additionally sap feeders, and so they reproduce shortly. They drain the plant of vitamins, shriveling leaves and stunting the expansion of their host plant.

Mealybugs appear to be little white, fuzzy spots and are normally present in clusters beneath leaves. In addition they go away behind honeydew, which causes black sooty mould, and that’s not nice on your plant both.

70% isopropyl alcohol is the simplest remedy for mealybugs. There are two methods to do that. One is to soak a cotton swab and wipe them off with it.

For a minor infestation, this can be a good path because it causes minimal injury to the plant. For a extreme infestation, it could be simpler to mist them with alcohol in a sprig bottle.

Ensure to take away the surplus alcohol if misting, as this will injury the plant by drying out the already broken tissues.

Spider Mites

Close-up of a leaf of a plant infested with spider mites on a green background. Spider mites are tiny insects that spin thick webs.
Spider mites are spider-like sap-sucking pests that may injury vegetation by piercing their pores and skin.

These sap suckers are extra carefully associated to spiders than bugs. They pierce the pores and skin of the plant and drain the vitamins, leaving the plant trying uninteresting and listless. They’ll cowl a plant with their wonderful webs, the place they lay and defend their eggs, which can hatch and additional injury the host.

You would possibly discover pale or yellow spots on leaves or see the webbing itself. These are indicators of spider mites. Neem oil and insecticidal soaps are very efficient in eliminating spider mites and protecting them away. Neem oil is secure for people and animals and delicate on vegetation, so that is the most well-liked answer to many plant-destroying pests.

Root Rot

A close-up of the yellowing leaves of Kalanchoe Beharensis due to rotting roots. The leaves are large, velvety, have a characteristic shape with a rounded base and pointed tips.
Overwatering or poor drainage may cause root rot in kalanchoe.

As with most succulent vegetation, kalanchoe are significantly prone to root rot. That is sometimes the results of overwatering or poor drainage, and it may be lethal. When succulents can’t take in the water round their roots, their roots begin to soften and deteriorate.

When the roots start to interrupt down, they develop into extra prone to fungus and micro organism. If this occurs, chances are you’ll discover the stem or decrease leaves turning black. In case your kalanchoe is experiencing root rot, the perfect answer is to repot.

Take away the plant from its damp soil and provides it a couple of days to dry out within the shade in order that the roots don’t get burned by the solar. As soon as the roots have had a while to dry out, replant the kalanchoe in a brand new, well-draining pot, and regulate your watering habits.

Ultimate Ideas

Kalanchoe Beharensis is a ravishing and easy-to-grow, evergreen, succulent plant. This bigger species of Kalanchoe provides quite a lot of curiosity to the house and backyard with its beautiful, fuzzy leaves. The convenience of care makes this a terrific plant for a starting plant proprietor or anybody who has struggled with fussier vegetation.

Whether or not you might be simply beginning out, trying so as to add a succulent ingredient to your backyard, or want a brand new texture on your established backyard, this can be a fantastic plant. Beharensis, and Kalanchoe normally, are fantastic vegetation that may stay for many years and produce many fantastic offsets.



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