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Heartleaf Philodendron Plant Care: A Easy Information for Wholesome Development

On this information, I’ll run by means of all the pieces it’s essential learn about Heartleaf Philodendron plant care at house. I really like the tropical vibes from these sensible houseplants, and with just a few well-followed pointers, they’ll thrive simply wonderful in a spread of inside areas. Let’s go!

Heartleaf Philodendron Plant Care Guide

Heartleaf Philodendron Care – Key Takeaways:

Scientific Identify: Philodendron hederaceum
Native Vary: Central America and the Caribbean
Soil: Nicely-draining, peat-based potting combine with a barely acidic pH
Mild: Brilliant, oblique mild; can tolerate decrease mild situations
Watering: Enable the highest inch of soil to dry out earlier than watering; don’t permit the plant to take a seat in water
Temperature: Supreme vary is between 65-85°F (18-30°C); they don’t like chilly temperatures beneath 55°F (13°C)
Fertilizing: Feed with a balanced liquid fertilizer as soon as a month throughout the rising season (spring and summer season) solely.
Pruning: Prune to keep up desired measurement and form; can even propagate from cuttings.
Toxicity: Poisonous to pets and people if ingested
Pests: Frequent pests embrace spider mites, mealybugs, and aphids which could be managed with common cleansing, applicable watering, and insecticidal soaps or neem oil if wanted.

Find out how to Develop Heartleaf Philodendron at Residence

Lush and vibrant Heartleaf Philodendron plant being held aloft

Heartleaf philodendrons are notoriously simple to take care of. All they want is a bit of sunshine, a little bit of water, and the occasional little bit of consideration.

Right here’s what to anticipate when rising a sweetheart plant at house.

Development Expectations

A heartleaf philodendron’s potential measurement depends upon numerous components, akin to rising situations and the kind of help offered. Underneath optimum situations, vines can develop rapidly and attain as much as 13 toes lengthy. 

As for the unfold, count on your plant to achieve a width of 1.5 to three toes. It takes from 5 to 10 years to get full measurement. 

What to do Earlier than Planting

Earlier than potting a heartleaf philodendron, think about the ultimate potential measurement. Purpose for a pot or planter that may accommodate it.

Nevertheless, this adaptable plant can tolerate a smaller pot for just a few years. A smaller pot could even assist stop overwatering. If you happen to’re repotting, select a container over two inches bigger than the present pot.

Philodendrons can thrive in a spread of container sorts. Nevertheless, a porous choice is finest. Terracotta is an effective alternative.

Simply remember to select a container with satisfactory drainage. You don’t ever need your plant to take a seat in standing water. This could result in root rot, fungus, and pest infestations.

Select the Greatest Soil Mixture of Heartleaf Philodendron Vegetation

The Best Soil mix for Heartleaf Philodendrons

A key part of Hearleaft Philodendron care is soil; happily, these crops tolerate a spread of soil sorts and pH ranges. Ample drainage is vital.

In order for you your plant to thrive, select a light-weight, unfastened, and well-draining potting media excessive in natural matter. Good choices embrace a combination with a stability of chalk and sand or a peat moss-based combine.

If you happen to choose a soilless base, crops can develop in sphagnum peat moss, peat-vermiculite mixtures, or peat-perlite mixtures. Sweetheart crops may even develop in water. Simply remember to maintain water ranges at an satisfactory stage. 

If you happen to’re contemplating going from soil to water or vice versa, suppose twice. This sort of plant doesn’t all the time modify effectively to such an enormous change.

For extra, see our complete information to the finest soil combine for Heartleaf Philodendron crops.

Find out how to Plant a Heartleaf Philodendron

Water your heartleaf philodendron completely a day earlier than you plant it. This may assist cut back stress on the plant. 

Partially fill the brand new container together with your chosen medium. Keep in mind: The brand new pot shouldn’t be greater than two inches bigger than the present container.

Fastidiously take away the philodendron from its present pot. Gently work the roots to separate and stimulate new development. 

Place the plant in its new container and fill within the sides with media. Including perlite, peat moss, sand, or vermiculite can assist promote aeration and enhance drainage. Simply don’t fill the pot above the plant’s authentic soil stage. 

Calmly tamp the media. Lastly, saturate the soil till water runs freely from the drainage holes. 

Mild Preferences

Heartleaf philodendrons can deal with a spread of sunshine exposures. Whereas they like oblique daylight, they’ll additionally take average to vibrant mild. Simply maintain them out of direct solar, as this may increasingly scorch leaves.

Most often, south-, east-, or west-facing publicity is preferable. You’ll be able to develop the lover plant in low mild. Nevertheless, leaves could unfold and lose a few of their shade and gloss. 

Temperature and Humidity Preferences

From expertise, the heartleaf philodendron can tolerate dry air, but it surely prefers extra humidity. This tropical plant thrives at about 40 % humidity. 

Sweetheart crops are completely happy in typical indoor house temperatures. Something beneath 50 levels F is simply too chilly for this plant, although. 

Heartleaf Philodendron Plant Care

A hanging Heartleaf Philodendron Plant

How To Water Heartleaf Philodendron Vegetation

Heartleaf vines choose moist — by no means soggy — situations. They’ll tolerate some dry soil.

In the summertime, maintain your plant evenly moist. Within the cooler months, water your heartleaf philodendron when the highest half-inch to an inch of soil feels dry to the contact.  

Whereas these crops don’t care about pH an excessive amount of, they are going to let you realize should you’re over-or under-watering. As a normal rule, yellow leaves imply you’re watering an excessive amount of. Brown or curling leaves imply you’re not watering sufficient.  

For extra, see our in-depth information to watering Heartleaf Philodendrons right here.

Fertilizing Heartleaf Philodendrons

For optimum Heartleaf Philodendron care, a normal houseplant fertilizer will present your plant with the vitamins it wants. Select a fertilizer that’s water-soluble and balanced.

Throughout the spring and summer season, fertilize as soon as monthly. Philodendrons want extra vitamins throughout hotter months once they’re actively rising.

In fall and winter, the plant isn’t actively rising. Throughout these cooler instances of the yr, lower fertilization again to each three months. 

Pruning Heartleaf Philodendrons

Heartleaf philodendrons don’t require pruning to be wholesome. Nevertheless, mild pruning each few months could encourage lush development.

Begin by watering completely the day earlier than you prune. Then take away any stunted development. Make your cuts proper after nodes, and maintain your cuts as clean as doable.

That is additionally an excellent time to chop again any vines which have grown longer than you need. Hold these trimmed vines to make use of for propagation. 

Find out how to Propagate Heartleaf Philodendrons

It’s simple to propagate new sweetheart crops. Merely lower a vine beneath a node and place the lower finish in water.

As soon as roots seem, plant the reducing in soil or your most popular planting medium. Use this propagation technique in spring or early summer season.

When and Find out how to Repot

Each two to 3 or so years, it’s possible you’ll need to repot your heartleaf philodendron into a bigger pot. This gives the plant with recent, new planting media. It additionally helps stop the plant from turning into root-bound.

Water the day earlier than you intend on repotting. Select a pot not more than two inches bigger than the present one. 

Fastidiously take away the plant from its present pot, and gently therapeutic massage the roots to separate. Partially fill the brand new container and middle the plant inside. 

Fill the edges with potting media. Don’t go above the place the plant meets the present potting media. 

Calmly tamp the media. Lastly, give your plant an intensive watering.

Frequent Heartleaf Philodendron Issues & Find out how to Deal with Them

Credit score: Bloomscape

The lover plant is nice at letting you realize when one thing is mistaken. Yellowing leaves point out overwatering. Curling, brown leaves point out underwatering. 

Wilting Leaves

Wilting leaves normally sign too-dry soil. Nevertheless, wilt can be a symptom of root rot ensuing from insufficient drainage. 

Brown Scorch Marks

If you happen to discover brown scorch marks, this may increasingly point out overexposure to vibrant mild. For optimum Heartleaf Philodendron care, transfer the plant into oblique mild should you see scorching. 

Brown Spots on the Leaves or Stems

Brown spots could come from fungal development. If leaves stay moist for a number of hours — for example, after misting — fungus could develop. Hold leaves dry to forestall recognizing.


As for pests, if planting media will get too moist, it could appeal to fungus gnats. Permitting soil to dry out between waterings prevents this pest. 

Chances are you’ll discover aphids on delicate new development. Spray leaves with water and insecticidal cleaning soap or Neem oil to take away aphids. 

In case your plant is waterlogged, it could appeal to potential pests akin to mealybugs, scales, and spider mites. Deal with them with insecticidal cleaning soap. Then present satisfactory drainage to forestall additional infestations. 

About Heartleaf Philodendron Vegetation

All About Heartleaf Philodendrons

Additionally known as the lover plant, this evergreen vine will get its widespread identify from (you guessed it) its heart-shaped foliage. Indoor gardeners have lengthy had a love affair with this plant. Together with its enticing, shiny leaves, it’s beloved for its low-maintenance nature. 

Good for inside gardeners of all skills, the lover plant is an actual sweetheart on the subject of care. It’s easy to develop, reaching lengths as much as 13 toes, and thrives indoors in numerous situations. 

Origins and Historical past

For generations, indoor gardeners have prized the heartleaf philodendron. With a tolerance for oblique mild and a spread of soils, this evergreen perennial has earned a status as a “onerous to kill” houseplant. In truth, the lover plant virtually appears to thrive on a bit of neglect.  

The World Guidelines of Chosen Plant Households acknowledges greater than 485 species of philodendron. Most could be grown as houseplants. Some, like the lover plant, are really easy to develop indoors that they’ve been widespread houseplants for generations. 

Species and Traits

Vegetation within the genus Philodendron belong to the Araceae household. These tropical crops are characterised by their spathe and spadix blooms.

The spathe seems like a flower petal, but it surely’s truly a bract. The spathe protects the spadix, a spike with small flowers that bloom on one finish.

The heartleaf philodendron doesn’t normally bloom when grown indoors. On the uncommon event they do bloom, a yellow-green spathe surrounds a spadix topped with tiny white flowers. 

Heartleaf philodendrons are simple to take care of and determine due to their attribute cordate (heart-shaped) foliage. Leaves are shiny, about three inches lengthy, and organized alternately on inexperienced stems. The famed Philodendron micans are a well-liked number of heartleaf.

Heartleaf Philodendron Native Vary

The heartleaf philodendron is native to elements of the Caribbean and the tropical rainforests of Central and South America. In nature, philodendrons typically develop in the dappled, oblique mild discovered beneath the tree cover.

Vines use bushes for help, typically rising up the trunks. The crops get hold of moisture and vitamins straight from tree bark.

As houseplants, philodendrons are available a spread of sorts and cultivars. The lover plant (P. hederaceum/P. scandens subsp. oxycardium) is the most typical. The favored cultivar ‘Brazil’ boasts a yellow stripe on every leaf. 

Different widespread varieties embrace the tree philodendron (P. bipinnatifidum var. ‘Xanadu’), a bushy plant that grows three toes tall. The red-leaf philodendron (Philodendron erubescens var ‘Burgundy’) has deep russet leaves.

Are Heartleaf Philodendrons Poisonous to People and Pets?

Philodendron leaves and sap are poisonous to people and pets, together with canine, cats, and horses. The plant could trigger mouth ache, vomiting, diarrhea, drooling, issue swallowing, and swelling of the lips, tongue, and higher airway if ingested.

Heartleaf philodendrons include calcium oxalate. If sap comes in touch with the pores and skin or eyes, this substance could cause irritation and itching. 

Makes use of & Advantages of Heartleaf Philodendrons

The lover plant is understood for its means to wash the air. In truth, a NASA research discovered that philodendrons are among the many simplest air-purifying houseplants.

The research discovered that heartleaf philodendrons and sure different houseplants filter widespread indoor pollution, akin to these present in cleansing merchandise, carpeting, constructing supplies, and furnishings.

Heartleaf Philodendron Vegetation That means & Symbolism

The lover plant’s scientific identify initially comes from the Greek for love (philo) and tree (dendron). When interpreted actually, the “lover of bushes” was seemingly named after its tendency to make use of bushes for help in its pure habitat. 

Right now, indoor gardeners love the lover plant for its adaptable, forgiving nature.

Heartleaf Philodendron Care FAQ:

How do you handle a heartleaf philodendron?

Heartleaf philodendrons thrive indoors in temperatures above 50 levels F and humidity of 40 %. They like well-draining, moist soil and oblique mild. Water solely when the highest inch of soil feels dry, and fertilize each 10 to 12 weeks throughout spring and summer season.  

Do Philodendrons want daylight?

Heartleaf philodendrons can deal with a spread of sunshine exposures. Whereas they like oblique daylight, they’ll additionally deal with average to vibrant mild. Simply maintain them out of the direct solar, as this may increasingly scorch leaves.

How typically do you have to water a heartleaf philodendron?

Heartleaf vines choose moist — by no means soggy — situations. They’ll tolerate some dry soil.

In the summertime, maintain your plant evenly moist. Within the cooler months, water your heartleaf philodendron when the highest half-inch to an inch of soil feels dry to the contact.  

How typically do you have to fertilize a heartleaf philodendron?

A typical houseplant fertilizer will present your plant with the vitamins it wants. Select a fertilizer that’s water-soluble and balanced.

Throughout the spring and summer season, fertilize as soon as monthly. Philodendrons want extra vitamins throughout hotter months once they’re actively rising.

In fall and winter, the plant isn’t actively rising. Throughout these cooler instances of the yr, lower fertilization again to each three months. 

Ought to I mist my philodendron?

A really mild misting could be useful to spice up the relative humidity ranges across the philodendron plant during times of significantly dry air (such because the winter months). Watch out to not overly saturate the leaves, as stagnant water is a breeding floor for fungal infections, pests, and ailments. A humidity tray or in-room humidifier is commonly a safer and extra strong strategy.

Do Philodendrons like espresso grounds?

There’s all the time blended recommendation relating to espresso grounds and crops. Many will argue the adverse results of espresso grounds disrupting the acidity stability within the soil base as a result of excessive nitrogen content material. I’d suggest sticking to an excellent, natural, all-purpose house-plant feed and go away the espresso grounds out. 

How do I make my philodendron Fuller?

As with all home plant care, the trick to a lush, voluminous plant is to search out the precise stability of sunshine, temperature, watering, and feeding cycles relative to the wants of your Heartleaf Philodendron. Cautious pruning throughout spring and summer season months to chop away sluggish, dying, or dormant development can even assist speed up new development. 

Is Monstera a philodendron?

While they’re each a part of the identical household (Araceae), Monstera and Philodendrons are two very completely different crops.

Wrapping Up

The Heartleaf Philodendron undoubtedly lives as much as its identify. There’s a purpose why so many indoor gardeners love this plant! It’s an excellent plant for all skills and is straightforward to take care of and tolerant of varied environmental situations. Get pleasure from!

Linsay is an American copywriter based mostly within the Pacific Northwest with a background in educational writing and analysis. Linsay holds Grasp’s diploma in each Anthropology and Library and Data Sciences and has written for quite a few nationwide and worldwide publications together with USA Right now, SFGATE, Hunker, and The Bump throughout an array of matters within the gardening, inexperienced dwelling, and journey sectors. When she’s not writing, you may normally discover Linsay studying, kayaking, crusing, snowboarding, or working in her backyard.



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