The genus Dianthus is giant, however the common backyard flowers are border carnations, rising about 2 1/2 ft. tall, with exquisitely fashioned blooms and smooth-edged petals, and pinks in all kinds of shapes, sizes and heights.
They want a sunny, well-drained place, however should not suited to areas which have extreme winters. Any soil fits them, as long as it’s not very acid, and they’re very tolerant of lime. They are often planted throughout good climate within the fall or spring, setting them firmly however not deeply, burying the roots however not the stem, securing to a 6-in. stake if obligatory. Planting distance for border carnations is about 12 in. and for pinks about to in.
To enhance soil earlier than planting, dig compost or well-rotted manure under the primary spit, and hoe bonemeal at 4 oz. per sq. yd. into the highest spit. In spring a side-dressing of sulfate of potash at 2 oz., or at 8 oz., per sq. yd. is goad, however potash fertilizers shouldn’t be given within the fall as they make the stems brittle in winter. Vegetation of their second and subsequent years ought to have a facet dressing of a balanced fertilizer.
Border carnations want staking with a 3-ft. cane, and they need to be disbudded to depart one bud on the central stem and one on both sides stem, eradicating the others when in regards to the measurement of a small pea. Pinks should not disbudded, and barely require staking.
Border carnations flower in July and August, and old school pinks in June, and other than snapping off the outdated flower stems no particular therapy is required. Most trendy pinks flower a second time, and ought to be completely watered after which given a dressing of full fertilizer.
Border carnations are propagated by layering in July and August. Choose an excellent facet stem and strip off all of the leaves from the decrease half, leaving 5 absolutely developed pairs on the high. Push a thin-bladed knife into the stem slightly below the bottom joint with leaves on. Reduce downwards by the joint under and switch the knife away from the middle of the plant in order to convey it out slightly below the joint. This leaves a tongue which opens out because the stem is bent right down to the bottom. If the stem is just too stiff to bend down with out snapping, bruise it between the joints with the thumb
nail or a pair of skinny pliers. Push the open tongue into the bottom and safe it in place with a loop of wire. Put together the bottom beforehand by working in a mix of equal components of sharp sand and peatmoss.
After sufficient layers are put down, they’re watered in and never allowed to grow to be dry whereas rooting, which takes about six weeks. They’re then lower away from the father or mother and left one other week when they are often lifted. They are often planted out instantly or potted up for 2 weeks earlier than planting.
Pinks may be propagated in the identical approach, however normally cuttings are taken from late June to early August. Choose sturdy facet shoots for cuttings, and go away 4 or 5 absolutely developed pairs of leaves on the tip. Strip off the pair of leaves under this with a downward pull, exposing the joint. Reduce slightly below the joint with a pointy knife or razor blade. The reducing is inserted in sandy soil as much as however not above the subsequent joint, in a pot in a chilly body, uncovered to the sky however not the solar, watered and stored in an in depth ambiance for 3 to 4 weeks, when high progress exhibits that it has rooted. The cuttings are then hardened off and potted up earlier than planting.
Fashionable pinks generally ship up the central stem to flower earlier than correct facet progress has been made, and if so that they have to be stopped. That is executed when the vegetation have made ten to 12 joints. Maintain the seventh or eighth joint in a single hand, and bend the highest sharply sideways when it ought to snap off, or lower it off cleanly simply above the joint.
Border carnations ought to by no means be stopped, and stopping could delay the flowering of old school pinks for a season. Nonetheless, a pink ought to by no means be allowed to flower except it has good facet progress.
Advisable Styles of Carnations and Pinks
The next varieties are simple to develop. All of the pinks listed are scented; the scented border carnations are marked Sc.
‘Robin Thain’, Sc. white;
‘Merlin Clove’, Sc. white, marked purple;
‘Mendip Hills’, pink, flaked pink;
‘Catherine Glover’, ‘Thomas Lee’, yellow, marked pink;
‘Leslie Rennison’, Sc., rosy mauve;
‘Concord’, grey, flaked pink;
‘Alice Forbes’, white, marked pink;
‘Honest Maiden’, white with pink picotee edge;
‘Marvel Clove’, Sc., violet;
‘Gipsy Clove’, Sc., crimson;
‘Salmon Clove’, Sc., salmon pink;
‘Lavender Clove’, Sc., lavender;
‘Great thing about Cambridge’, ‘Mary Murray’, yellow.
(A laced pink is one through which a darkish middle zone or eye is prolonged to kind a loop of colour close to the sting of the petal.) ‘Cherryripe’, vivid pink;
‘Doris’, salmon-pink, pink eye;
‘Constance’, vivid pink, paler edge;
‘Laced Pleasure’, pink, laced crimson;
‘London Poppet’, palest pink, laced ruby pink;
‘Timothy’, ‘Freckles’, pink with pink flecks;
‘Present Aristocrat’, pale pink, buff eye;
‘Prudence’, palest pink, laced
‘Present Portrait’, crimson;
‘Present Magnificence’, deep pink, maroon eye;
‘Winsome’, deep pink.
Old style Pinks:
‘Whiteladies’, white, higher now than ‘Mrs Sinkins’;
‘Excelsior’, pink with darkish eye, typically referred to as ‘Pink Mrs Sinkins’;
‘Inchmery’, pale pink;
‘Dad’s Favorite’, white, laced purple.