There are such a lot of several types of succulents, they usually’re all simply as pretty as the following. Succulent vegetation are nice as a result of they don’t require a ton of fussing or care. They usually’re simple to propagate. As a result of there’s quite a bit to select from, likelihood is there’s one on the market that fits you good.
Whether or not it’s indoor succulents you need to develop or an out of doors succulent backyard, there’s a minimum of one succulent acceptable for both or each. If you need white flowers, pinkish flowers, woody stems, or luscious inexperienced stems, there’s one thing on the market for you.
Succulents might be floor cowl. Some develop simply as shade succulents, and a few benefit from the searing solar in a xeriscape backyard. Some are finest grown indoors. They don’t typically require as a lot water as greens and flowers, they usually dwell for a very long time. Lots of them self-sow, and a few are simple to develop from seed. There are many choices on the market becoming for everybody.
On this piece, we’re going to cowl as many succulents as potential and categorize them so you’ll be able to simply find one which fits your wants. Then you’ll be able to plan your backyard design, and embrace a number of forms of succulents that may liven any house they’re in.
You is perhaps questioning why we included cacti in our succulent plant piece, however the reality of the matter is cacti species are succulent species. A cactus is a member of the Cactaceae household.
Cacti have many styles and sizes, with various flower colours and kinds. What unites them is their spines. Most favor full daylight, they usually propagate through stem cuttings, pad segments, or seeds.
These cacti are succulent varieties with a shrub-like development behavior. They need to be grown outside as they’ll attain a number of meters tall. The genus identify comes from the Greek phrases for candle or flame (cereus) mixed with backbone (acantha). That’s as a result of the flowers bloom from the ideas of spiny cactus stems. These cacti are native to Texas and Florida, all the way in which to northern South America.
Often known as “dwelling rocks” – to not be confused with Lithops, which we are going to cowl later on this piece – these cacti are small and compact, reaching just one.5 meters on the highest. The spines are additionally dense and compact, in a way more unassuming manner than most cacti. Whereas all 6 species have totally different development habits, they’re all comparatively barrel-like and have yellow flowers that burst on the adjoining part of their 4 to six ribs. Typically the shoots are lined with tiny hairs, and generally they’re bald. Essentially the most broadly recognized of those cacti is the sand greenback cactus.
There are over 100 species inside the Cephalocereus, or tree cactus genus. They’re all tall, and generally have a thick trunk and a columnar development behavior. Others have a branching behavior. They’re all lined in thick white bristles, and flower from the vertical components of their ribs. They’re native to Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, and South America. A number of are dealing with habitat loss. Due to this fact, think about the supply for those who purchase one. The preferred of the genus is Outdated Man’s Cactus.
This genus is comprised of 33 species which are native to South America. They’re characteristically columnar, ribbed, and elongated. They derive vitamins from the air, and the water and grime within the surrounding air. They’ve a shrubby development sample, reaching as much as 15 meters. Their night-blooming, funnel-like flowers vary in coloration from gradients in white to pink to inexperienced. They produce rectangular fruits, and enormous, distinct spines. Should you’re concerned about rising one your self, strive the Peruvian torch.
Does anybody else take into consideration disco after they see Discocactus? These stout, disc-shaped cacti are native to southern Brazil, jap Bolivia, and northern Paraguay. That is one other plant you need to do a little analysis on earlier than shopping for. It’s almost extinct within the wild. The spines are sharp and criss-cross each other, and the tops of the flattened cactus discs are lined in bristles. These cacti bloom white flowers at maturity and evening. Whereas they’re nice for rock gardens, the commerce of those cacti is regulated commercially and internationally.
This genus encompasses 6 species of low-growing spiny cacti. It additionally consists of the golden barrel cactus which is a distinguished xeriscape plant. Echinocactus cacti produce small flowers and wooly fruits. Their pronounced spines haven’t stopped overharvesting within the wild, however they aren’t protected by any legal guidelines. Flower colours vary from pink to yellow, to peachy cream.
Generally known as button cactus, this genus comprises 8 species. Their look is putting, however chances are you’ll not discover them of their native habitats attributable to their dimension. Their globe-shaped or cylindrical stems by no means surpass a few inches. They’re lined in tiny whitish spines too. Native to Northern Mexico, Arizona, and West Texas, button cacti produce tiny crimson edible fruits.
Generally known as chin cacti, these South American species quantity about 70 whole. They’re additionally small, not reaching greater than 5 inches tall. Their easy-to-bloom flowers are available in a coloration vary from white to crimson and require shiny direct gentle with excessive warmth. Due to this fact that is a kind of genera that is stuffed with out of doors succulents. Moon cactus is the most well-liked of the genus, attributable to its crimson pores and skin and shiny pinkish flowers.
This is without doubt one of the most populated genera of cacti, comprised of over 200 species native to various components of southern North America, Central America, and South America. The genus is known as for the distinctive cut up areole. They’ve a globular form and conical, cylindrical, pyramidal, or spherical tubercles. They bloom white to pink to purple, flowers which are funnel-shaped, and produce berry-like fruit. One of the crucial standard and widespread species is the Pincushion cactus.
These cacti are native to Mexico and Guatemala. They develop tall, as much as 16 toes in top. They like dry environments, and flower in the summertime. Additionally they produce edible purple berries. The bilberry cactus is probably the most well-known of the genus, because it roots rapidly from cuttings and its berries are bought for meals in Mexico.
These cacti are well-known to those that devour cacti as a meals supply. Right here in Texas, prickly pear cacti pads and fruits are used culinarily. So are they of their native ranges Western and South Central United States, the Rocky Mountains, and the southern Nice Plains. They’re characterised by small spines on fruit and pads and enormous dense trunk-forming development. Succulent vegetation on this genus want a variety of room to develop. However they’re nice in sandy or rocky soils. They’ve showy flowers that bloom in summer season and produce scrumptious fruits. They’re simple to propagate and luxuriate in full solar all yr lengthy. The preferred of the genus is prickly pear, however probably the most putting is Bunny Ears Cactus.
These cacti are native to the Andes. All 10 species have wooly hairs with protruding spines. Some species are often called the outdated man of the mountain.
This genus is stuffed with upland cacti endemic to Argentina, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, and Uruguay. With 50 members, they’ve globular and columnar development habits with various modes in between. Whereas they’ll dwell within the mountains, they’re not cold-hardy succulent vegetation. Outdoors their native vary, they need to be grown as indoor succulents. Most have yellow blooms, and a few have pink flowers. The ball cactus is the most well-liked species within the genus.
These bizarre cacti are present in components of Africa, Asia, and in Central America, the Caribbean, and the northern areas of South America. They usually develop in tropical rainforests, making them wonderful indoor container dwellers. The stems are cylindrically furrowed, angular, and flattened. Most don’t have spines. Flowers are both yellow or crimson and produce assorted berries. Mistletoe Cactus is without doubt one of the commonest succulents of the genus.
You’re most likely effectively conscious of Christmas and Thanksgiving cactus. Do you know there’s an Easter Cactus too? These are all members of the Schlumbergera genus, and their frequent identify refers to their approximate bloom time. All 9 species are native to Brazil however are generally grown indoors. The succulent flowers on these vegetation are to die for, with various pinks and reds. You possibly can develop them in hanging baskets or on a patio. They’re simple to propagate and take care of as effectively. Particularly Christmas cactus.
We’re protecting simply a few forms of succulents within the asparagus household. These have sharp pointy leaves and inexperienced leaves. You’ll discover them both in full solar or in shade.
Agave and Yucca
These are a few of the finest drought-resistant vegetation on the market, with a putting look when planted amongst rocks and sandy desert flora. Each yucca and agave are of the perennial succulent class and are laborious to mistake. Agave succulents have sturdy fleshy leaves that may damage for those who run into them. Agave species quantity 270 a minimum of. Agave Americana is a popularly grown plant. Whale’s tongue agave is (Agave ovatifolia) is a prized plant amongst desert gardeners as effectively, with broad, shiny inexperienced leaves which are rimmed with darkish blue.
Yucca is one other a kind of desert forms of succulents you’ll discover rising alongside agave. Each are flowering succulents with thick leaves which are simple to take care of. They do want full direct daylight and well-draining soil. Plant succulents like agave and yucca outside, so every succulent grows good and massive. Blue Beaked Yucca is a putting plant that grows darkish inexperienced leaves and blooms massive compound white blooms in summer season. Spanish Bayonet is one other standard yucca sort.
There are about 70 totally different species of snake plant on the market. And we now have a ton of content material on a number of cultivars. What you must find out about them is that they have darkish inexperienced fleshy leaves that benefit from the partial shade. Their leaf edges are sometimes yellow, however some are darkish inexperienced identical to their leaves. Not like agave, these vegetation don’t develop in a rosette formation however bunched collectively. They’re generally grown in potting soil. You’ve possible seen snake plant (Sansevieria trifasciata) rising in an workplace someplace. However there are many bizarre ones, like the Kenya Hyacinth, named for its spindly lavender flowers. There’s additionally bowstring’s hemp, which produces pretty white and inexperienced variegated leaves.
Ice Crops, Carpet Weeds, and Mesembs
Should you’re remotely accustomed to succulents, you recognize concerning the ice plant. These are small succulent vegetation inside the identical household as carpet weeds, mesembs – or mimicry vegetation. Let’s run down this checklist of fascinating succulent identification.
This genus is restricted to the ice plant and carpet weeds. All the members of this genus are native to South Africa. Often known as ice vegetation, they’re solely considered one of a large variety of species which are known as that. An opulent plant with thick, crystal-like leaves, Delosperma species comprise a variety of probably the most well-known ice plant varieties.
This attention-grabbing genus is comprised of 33 species that share a resemblance to animal mouths and a rosette rising behavior. They begin small, with thick serrated leaves, and as they mature turn out to be bushy. If they’re uncovered to shiny gentle the inexperienced leaves flip reddish in coloration. Their blooms are yellow. The preferred of the species is Tiger Jaws.
The one species on this genus are infants’ toes or window plant. This plant is inexperienced and clustered with rounded suggestions which are translucent. The guidelines are liable for transferring gentle to the plant tissue beneath. Subspecies bloom white or yellow flowers.
Usually often called pebble vegetation or flowering stones, lithops are maybe probably the most attention-grabbing 35 species of the Aizoaceae household. They’re low-growing, with leaves buried barely beneath the soil. Throughout drought, they’ll shrink beneath the soil floor in an act of self-preservation. The tops of the leaves seem like a cross between a mind and a pair of lungs. They vary from gentle inexperienced to crimson, and generally purple. The markings on the tops of the leaves defend the plant in a type of camouflage. To provide fruit, growers can purchase two vegetation for cross-pollination. Flowers are yellow or white. Stone vegetation are a stunning addition to a window, so think about them whenever you’re selecting which to develop.
This plant, not that totally different from Lithops, is comprised of two or 4 reverse plump leaves which are grey-green. The stems are sometimes principally underground. Their blooms are yellow and reproduce asexually and with cross-pollination. The mimicry plant and the splitrock are the most well-liked decorative vegetation grown on this specific succulent selection.
This household most likely doesn’t want a lot introduction, as most individuals are accustomed to Aloe Vera. There are 40 genera inside the household, most of that are native to South Africa. We’ll take care of only a few of probably the most notable right here.
An aloe plant is probably some of the vital vegetation for gardeners. Not solely does the gel of an aloe vera plant heal sunburned pores and skin, however it additionally acts as a rooting medium for propagating vegetation by cuttings. There are over 560 species inside the genera, and all have thick fleshy leaves with serrated edges and tubular flowers that bloom sometimes. They’ve a rosette development behavior and produce pups, or new aloe vegetation, from below the soil. They might be shiny inexperienced, mottled, or generally flip crimson in shiny gentle. Some aloe has a tree-like rising behavior. Aloe aristata or the torch plant has pronounced blades and a extra compact rosette. Torch vegetation and short-leaved aloe vegetation are nice for growers who take pleasure in aloe however want to avoid wasting house. As a result of they’re simple to propagate, aloe vegetation may very well be sourced from associates.
These aloe vegetation are tongue-like of their development habits. They’re small and compact, with a rosette formation and small bell or stomach-shaped pale pink flowers. Amongst points in succulent identification, Gasteria vegetation are simple to categorise, attributable to their distinctive look. One notably attention-grabbing species is Dune Gasteria.
Whereas succulent identification of Haworthia is perhaps troublesome, it’s simple for those who can do not forget that they – see, the zebra plant – are compact types of the Aloe household, not reaching heights of greater than 1 foot. Some have translucent leaves, and others have opaque foliage. They both clump or develop singly. They’ve white blooms, which have inexperienced striations. The zebra plant (Haworthia attenuata) is the most well-liked of all of the Haworthia vegetation.
Dogbane, Periwinkle, Oleander, Milkweed Household
Crops on this household are bought broadly in grocery shops and nurseries alike. All members have star-shaped flowers and lengthy stems that include waxy succulent leaves. You’ll possible acknowledge a minimum of a number of of those as you go down the checklist.
Every hoya plant on this genus is native to various components of Asia. They’re normally organized on creeper vines, with furry, clean, or felted leaves. The flowers look characteristically like milkweed flowers and are principally white to pink. Some have yellow, orange, and nearly black flowers. All flowers of hoya vegetation develop in tight spherical clusters. Sweetheart Hoya (Hoya kerrii) is everybody’s favourite, although many retailers attempt to promote only one heart-shaped petal. Growers beware! Except there’s greater than only one petal current, the plant is not going to develop.
Members of this genus have an abnormally massive trunk with thick stems for his or her dimension. The trunks are designed to assist Pachypodium vegetation survive droughts, concealing water and vitamins inside. All the vegetation on this genus may very well be simply mistaken for cacti attributable to their spines, that are plentiful. Additionally they emit a transparent sap. One standard member of this species is Madagascar Palm.
These low-growing succulents are simple to determine attributable to their fleshy flowers which are star-shaped. They’re of various colours and emit a pungent odor and a glance that resembles rotting flesh, which is why they’re generally known as carrion flowers. 43 species of carrion flower exist on this planet, principally native to various components of Africa. They’re wonderful container vegetation, as they don’t require a lot care after planting. For individuals who need to develop species that don’t scent like rotting flesh, look to the brilliant yellowish-green flowers of Stapelia flavopurpurea.
Most species of Ceropegia have skinny stems which are vining or trailing. Their roots are tuberous and their leaves are reverse. Typically they’re thick and fleshy. The tubular flowers are sometimes fused on the tip and inflated. These attention-grabbing vegetation depend on pollination by trapped flies that transfer about as they make their escape. String of hearts and string of pearls are probably the most distinguished species grown for his or her look.
Stonecrop, Jade plant, Sedum, and Hen-and-chicks Household
What’s frequent amongst all family members Crassulaceae is they’re all dicotyledon. There are variations in rising habits starting from shrubby to tree-like, with some preferring aquatic situations. There are over 1400 species within the household below 35 genera.
Species on this genus have thick stems. Every is a luxurious plant with fats leaves which are organized in rosette formation. They might have orange blossoms or white ones that protrude from a central tube. One of the crucial putting vegetation in his genus is the Adromischus cristatus or Crinkle Leaf Plant.
This is without doubt one of the commonest succulents in the marketplace right this moment. You’ll discover Cotyledon leaves in reverse formation, round generally woody stems. The flowers are generally pendulous and generally tuberous and formed like a downturned bell. The flowers produce small brown seeds after they bloom and fade. Pig’s ear succulent is the most well-liked member of the genus, with bunches of pink blooms that dazzle the attention.
With 200 species on this putting genus, it’s no marvel lots of people spring for them. A few of these vegetation are frost tolerant, and plenty of are frequent amongst succulent growers and sellers. String of buttons is one standard species, with tender, triangular leaves bunching collectively round a central stem in a pyramidic vogue. The jade plant (Crassula ovata) is a tree-like succulent that has many alternative varieties, all of that are attention-grabbing of their development patterns and leaf colours. One other putting member of this household is Mom of Hundreds which grows considerably like aloe, with small vegetation alongside the leaf’s edge. Necklace vine and Hens and Chicks are two different gorgeous members of this genus.
Kalanchoe succulents are frequent in nurseries and grocery shops. They’ve small 4-petaled flowers that cluster and sit atop stems. The flower colours vary from white to yellow to pink and orange. Their leaves are waxy and shiny inexperienced. Incredible Flaming Katy has pretty yellow blooms that pop amongst different vegetation in a backyard. The panda plant (Kalanchoe tomentosa) has pretty tender, fuzzy greenish leaves with purple suggestions. The paddle plant (Kalanchoe luciae) is a quite common and simple to propagate succulent on this genus. Florist kalanchoe (Kalanchoe blossfeldiana) is probably probably the most recognizable of the genus.
Echeveria succulents are generally evergreen and different occasions deciduous. All 150 species are native to North America, Central America, and South America. These compact rosettes are jam-packed filled with brightly coloured leaves, which produce offspring very similar to aloe does. Many are host vegetation for butterflies. Wax agave is one species that’s categorised as an echeveria, and never an agave, regardless of its identify. Echeveria ‘Lola’ is a typical member of the genus. Black Prince is a shocking deep purple member of the species as effectively.
These rosette-forming perennial succulent vegetation are native to Mexico and Arizona. The genus comprises 19 members. Their leaves are silvery-grey to waxy pink, and their flowers are both white or pink, sitting atop an extended skinny stem. The commonest of those is the Mom of Pearl plant.
The thick-leaved species of the Pachyphytum genus love excessive altitudes in Mexico. They’ve rosette kinds and branching shoots that emerge from dusty, spherical, bluish-green leaves. The flower’s inflorescence hangs over the plant and is white, pink, or reddish. They produce fruit and seeds. Moonstones is the most well-liked of the genus.
Aeonium succulents have leaves organized round a central stem in a densely fashioned rosette. The flowers have 6 to 12 petal sections and bloom solely as soon as. Most are from the Canary Islands, however some are from North Africa. Some members of the genus are carnivorous. Aeonium haworthii ‘Kiwi’ is a stunning hybrid species on this genus.
Over half the species of Orostachys are native to China. They’re characterised by ovate leaves which are alternate and infrequently have purple dots on them in a rosette formation. Of their second yr of development a rosette flower kinds on a central stem, blooming white, greenish, pink, or reddish flowers. Every bloom produces a small seed. Chinese language Dunce Cap is one frequent member of this genus.
Sempervivum succulents are dense mat and rosette-forming vegetation which are native to the Center East. They’re evergreen, with gentle to darker inexperienced leaves which are typically tipped with purple. Essentially the most well-known of those vegetation is the hen and chicks plant. Whereas flower stalks differ, all types of this genus bloom six to eight-petalled flowers that vary in coloration from pale inexperienced to pink.
These succulents are hybrids of Sedum and Echeveria vegetation. They produce densely fashioned leafy rosettes that look quite a bit like flowers. The thick, padded leaf coloration ranges from silver blue to blue-green. Some have coloured leaf suggestions. Flowers emerge between leaves on the facet of the rosette and vary in coloration from yellow to pink. Sedeveria x ‘Hummelii’ is probably some of the standard of this hybrid genus, with densely packed elongated ghostly inexperienced leaves which have pinkish suggestions.
Sedum succulents are nice vegetation that are available in many alternative colours. They’ll act as creeping floor cowl or shrubs for the decrease portion of a panorama. They’re annual, biennial, or perennial. Some are autumn bloomers whereas others favor to bloom in spring and summer season. Flower colours have a variety, and so do flower varieties. It’s no marvel that is the case with over 450 species assigned to the household. Burro’s tail or Sedum morganianum is an all-time favourite of this genus. Russian Stonecrop and Jelly Beans are different favorites.
These succulents are hybrids of Sedum and Graptopetalum. They share the traits of sedum of their lengthy stems, and that of Graptopetalum of their waxy pinkish leaves. These densely organized rosettes are similar to the Echeveria succulent. Graptosedum ‘California Sundown’ is a beloved type of this genus.
All members of Euphorbia secrete latex of their roots. That’s why it’s beneficial that growers put on gloves after they up pot or transplant them. They’re all spurges with various root techniques too. Some have massive tuberous roots, and all have various development habits. Some are cactus-like, some have a shrubby development sample. Coral Cactus is probably one of the best recognized of the genus. Pencil Cactus is one other favourite.
Members of this genus are from Southern Africa, Ethiopia, and Latin America. Whereas there was an Australian species included right here, it has seen been reallocated to a different genus. All members are perennial, with alternate leaves organized round a central stem. All flowers on this genus have 5 petals and ripen right into a capsule that comprises seeds. The flowers are all some type of pink as effectively. One of many standard species within the genus is the Anacampseros telephiastrum.
This genus comprises about 90 species of succulents which are perennial herbs and shrubs. They’re characterised by lengthy slender leaves which are organized alternately and sparsely on trailing stems. Stems vary in coloration, and flowers do too. One of the crucial attention-grabbing of this genus is Ruby Necklace.
All members of this genus are within the pepper household. They’ve massive waxy leaves, trailing or stout stems, and enormous brown or yellow conical flowers. They’re native to tropical areas of North America. Rising lower than 1 foot in top, they’re typically chosen for shady tropical gardens the place they’ll exist in a rainforest-like atmosphere. Leaves are heart-shaped or lance-shaped, and a number of colours are related to every species. A standard and enjoyable peperomia to develop is Child Rubber Plant.
Members of the Elephant Bush genus embrace the Elephant bush, Dwarf jade plant, and Cocoon plant. All of those succulents look have woody stems and ranging tree-like kinds. Some are very small, whereas others can develop as massive as a small tree. The leaves are small and spherical and develop densely alongside branches.
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